Trade Data

  • 16 Nov
    The Australian Fruit Juice Market

    The Australian Fruit Juice Market

    It is evident that there have been some problems over the past couple of years due to a lack of Valencia fruits, the shortages have been attributed to a combination of short crops and higher than usual demand from the Asian fresh market and this has resulted in higher prices of fruit and left insufficient supplies for the processors.

    Fruit Juice Australia comments that production has been in steady decline for the past two years and forecasts for the 2017-18 crop indicate a further 5% reduction in the Valencia supply, with the total crop predicted to fall from 262 000 tonnes last season to 250 000 tonnes this season. They expect this supply shortfall combined with industry growth will mean demand will increase significantly into the future.

    Recent conversations with Australian processors agreed that there is still an acute shortage of Valencia fruit for the processing sector and that this will continue for many years into the future while the industry responds by planting more trees. Producers add that rising material cost prices for juice processors over the past twelve months is not a short-term problem resulting in them having to pass these costs in part on to consumers.

    Historically Australia has not experienced the need to import not from concentrate (NFC) juice due to plentiful supplies at home. But the poor fruit supply recently has created the need for much higher imports in 2017 (refer to graph 1)  with imports of nearly 2 million litres in May 2017 versus almost zero at the same point in the previous year. Australian imports of FCOJ amount to around 30 000 tonnes per year.

    Orange juice consumption

    Data on Australian orange juice consumption is notoriously difficult to obtain but figures received indicate that sales of juice from concentrate far outstrip sales of NFC (refer to graph 2) but reconstituted juice sales have declined by 27% over the past decade while NFC uptake has declined by 8% over the same period. NFC uptake is expected to remain strong for the rest of 2017. (see graph 3)

    The fresh chilled market within Australian grocery has returned to growth, performing strongly with a compounded annual growth rate of 10.9% in value and 5.4% in volume in the first half of the year. Looking at chilled versus ambient the figures for moving annual domestic sales show chilled AUD551m ahead of ambient AUD447m. Research shows that Supermarkets are the most common place to buy packaged fruit juice in an average four-week period (5.1 million Australians purchase fruit juice at Supermarkets). Between June 2016 and August 2017, 6.6 million Australians reported drinking packaged fruit juice in any given seven days – up 25% from the year before which compared to other regions globally is a huge proportion of the population.  Golden Circle tops the table of the most widely consumed juices in any given week with supermarket own brands in second place and Berri and Daily Juice third and fourth respectively.

    Taking an overview of the market the supply of FCOJ is not going to be a problem next season and pricing out of Brazil is predicted to remain stable in the medium term. The problems in Florida could mean higher volumes in fruit crush to NFC this season to meet the demands of the US market which is not necessarily good news for the Australian market – given the stable demand for NFC juice, another lacklustre Valencia crop and continued strong fresh fruit exports to Asia. Nevertheless, Australian consumers seem to be willing to pay for fresh premium juice so the answer could lay in increasing imports and raising prices at the retail level.

    Sources: Global Data, Fruit Juice Australia, Roy Morgan Research

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 19 Sep
    CHINA – FRUIT JUICE MARKET

    CHINA – FRUIT JUICE MARKET

    The Chinese fruit juice export market is dominated by the apple juice industry. The country’s capacity to produce apple juice concentrate (AJC) far outstrips demand and it has taken a long time for the industry to find a balance. Production of AJC in China is estimated at around 550 000 tonnes per year and the main export market is the USA.  

    The moderate climate of the growing regions in China coupled with the variety of apples that are suitable for this climate means that China produces low acid or sweet apple concentrate. Apple growing regions further south or north, such as Argentina and Poland are able to produce higher acid supplies, which often commands higher prices.  

    There has been talk of China emerging as a global supplier of orange concentrate in the past, but so far, this has not materialised.  

    It must also be pointed out that domestic uptake of juice in China is increasing every year.  

    EXPORTS 

    Table 1. Chinese exports of apple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Importers 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 586619 597838 455800 473829 506358 7%
    Leading importers
    United States of America 292880 318749 216091 240108 256940 7%
    Russian Federation 54702 49080 57031 35925 50700 41%
    Japan 62896 68236 59167 60854 49237 -19%
    South Africa 19532 33625 25561 16086 37957 136%
    Canada 50438 32750 22359 23131 24262 5%
    Australia 26170 26625 25407 25400 23814 -6%
    Germany 19649 8878 2594 16664 7121 -57%
    India 5717 5020 4966 4835 6094 26%
    Turkey 7023 2530 3409 11273 5165 -54%
    Saudi Arabia 3207 4139 4445 3916 4494 15%
    Total Chinese exports to the above countries 542214 549632 421030 438192 465784 6%
    % of world total 92% 92% 92% 92% 92%

    Table 1. Apple juice concentrate (AJC). With imports averaging 50% of the world total over the past five years, the USA is by far the biggest consumer AJC exported by China. In fact the USA imports by volume total more than the other nine countries featured in this table combined.  Russia and Japan are a distant second and third in the table with around 20% of the USA’s total with Russia showing consistent consumption volumes for the period 2012 to 2016 and Japan recording a 21% drop for the same period. Exports to South Africa standing at 37597 tonnes in 2016 have increased markedly in the last two years (2014 to 2015) even improving on the volumes reported in 2013 of 32750 tonnes. Canada, Australia and Saudi Arabia have been consistent consumers over the past three years (2014 to 2016) with Germany and Turkey showing notable fluctuations over the same period. Chinese exports of AJC during the period recorded in the table have declined by approximately 13% with the countries listed importing 91% of these exports in 2016. 

    Table 2. China – various juice exports
    (tonnes) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    Pineapple juice concentrate 1466 771 1766 10251 8152 -20%
    Orange juice concentrate 4408 4202 3512 3701 2990 -19%
    Apple juice NFC 5014 3652 2789 1130 1032 -9%
    Orange juice NFC 1366 1008 1085 786 990 26%

    IMPORTS 

    Not-from-concentrate (NFC) imports 

    Table 3. Chinese imports of orange juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 2042 3663 5561 6807 9911 46%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 373 1086 2046 2104 4167 98%
    Spain 29 481 1094 792 957 21%
    United Kingdom 21 23 46 218 894 310%
    Thailand 248 381 380 520 805 55%
    Greece 0 8 153 422 576 36%
    United States of America 538 520 469 445 468 5%
    Italy 61 117 171 309 449 45%
    Austria 64 121 121 174 181 4%
    Australia 286 242 167 172 147 -15%
    Mexico 43 87 129 120 145 21%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 1663 3066 4776 5276 8789 67%
    % of world total 81% 84% 86% 78% 89%

    Table 3China imports of fresh orange juice (NFC). Cyprus has been the largest exporter of fresh orange juice to China in recent years supplying over 40% of the countries imports in 2016 alone. In 2016 Cyprus reported record exports to China practically double the volumes supplied in 2015. Year on year 2016 versus 2015, all countries in this table showed an increase in exports to China with the exception of Australia who were down 15%. Notable increases include the United Kingdom (UK) which has shown a major uplift in volume shipped to China of 310% for the period. Spain, as would be expected, has been the second largest supplier for the last three years providing 20%, 12% and 11% of the total world exports or fresh orange juice to China in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. The countries listed in the table provided 89% of China’s imports during 2016. China’s consumption of imported fresh orange juice has increased by 46% in 2016 against 2015 and a massive 385% up on 2012, that’s 9911 tonnes up from 2042 tonnes.  

    Table 4. Chinese imports of apple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 960 1609 2494 4539 5363 18%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 206 494 928 1584 2443 54%
    United Kingdom 11 14 38 96 595 520%
    Greece 0 1 99 159 308 94%
    Spain 20 45 89 143 256 79%
    Germany 54 60 89 263 201 -24%
    Thailand 49 79 222 218 168 -23%
    United States of America 154 272 250 299 145 -52%
    Italy 18 34 71 209 131 -37%
    Australia 180 99 92 108 112 4%
    Japan 8 28 27 31 93 200%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 700 1126 1905 3110 4452 43%
    % of world total 73% 70% 76% 69% 83%

    Table 4China imports of fresh apple juice (NFC). As with fresh orange juice reported in table 3, Cyprus by far the biggest exporter of fresh apple juice to the Chinese market with a 46% share of the world’s exports to China. The Mediterranean producer’s exports have increased substantially year on year from just 206 tonnes in 2012 to 1584 tonnes in 2015 with a further jump of 54% in 2016 to 2443 tonnes. China’s imports of fresh apple juice from the UK also increased by a significant 94% in 2016 up by 499 tonnes against the 2015 figure of 96 tonnes. Greece and Spain continue to grow their exports into this market with increases of 94% and 79% respectively – 2016 versus 2015. China’s Imports of fresh apple juice from countries worldwide has been steadily increasing with 2016 volumes up 458% against 2012 and up 18% against 2015. The leading exporters to China listed in table 4 constitute 83% of the worlds trade with China.  

    Table 5. Chinese imports of pineapple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 605 1399 1785 2647 3528 33%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 183 637 1105 1514 2496 65%
    United Kingdom 0 0 11 72 251 249%
    Thailand 175 215 180 223 246 10%
    Costa Rica 0 0 0 29 146 403%
    Italy 16 75 96 154 124 -19%
    Greece 0 6 80 183 72 -61%
    Spain 1 8 53 143 47 -67%
    France 1 9 5 40 28 -30%
    Egypt 0 0 7 21 17 -19%
    Germany 1 12 20 22 15 -32%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 377 962 1557 2401 3442 43%
    % of world total 62% 69% 87% 91% 98%

    Table 5China imports of fresh pineapple juice (NFC).  In a very similar pattern to the trade in exports of fresh orange and apple juice to China, Cyprus is the country with the largest volumes of exports of fresh pineapple juice to China during the last five years, with an especially notable increase of 65% in 2016 against 2015.The combined volumes of the remaining nine countries listed here barely make up 38% of the Cypriot total of 2496 tonnes leaving Cyprus by far the biggest trader with China in fresh pineapple juice. The other most consistent exporter to China over the past five years has been Thailand in third place to the UK’s second who have entered the market from a very low base to record volumes of 251 tonnes of exports in 2015, up 249% on the previous year. Similarly, Costa Rica entered the market for China’s fresh pineapple juice imports in a big way in 2016 selling 146 tonnes against 29 tonnes the previous year and Italy remained a regular supplier of volumes averaging 124 tonnes over the three years 2014 to 2016. World trade with China has been on the increase from a low base of 605 tonnes in 2012 rising to 2647 tonnes in 2015 stepping up by 33% in 2016 to 2496 tonnes. The leading exporters featured in this table in 2016 were involved in 98% of the worlds trade with China in fresh pineapple juice. 

     Juice concentrate imports  

    Table 6. Chinese imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 55852 58995 52806 45565 45874 1%
    Leading exporters to China      
    Brazil 41241 34528 37217 32351 35312 9%
    Israel 11121 19136 9015 9493 9067 -4%
    Netherlands 587 587 522 610 683 12%
    Hong Kong, China 36 46 211 380 258 -32%
    Cyprus 6 5 282 530 159 -70%
    Spain 0 120 96 426 152 -64%
    Mexico 303 1130 3733 705 51 -93%
    Greece 46 114 137 0 42
    Italy 233 172 193 0 4
    Costa Rica 906 1969 422 199 0 -100%
    United States of America 1319 1137 759 654 0 -100%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 55798 58944 52587 45348 45728 1%
    % of world total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

    Table 6. China imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ). China imports the vast majority of its orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) from Brazil – 77% in 2016. The only other country that comes close to this is Israel with 19% for the same period. And even than Brazil exports nearly four times the volume to China than Israel. Of the remaining countries that are or have been exporting FCOJ into China in the past five years the Netherlands has remained one of the most consistent averaging 597 tonnes per year. China has ceased or greatly reduced imports of FCOJ from three countries that were at one time supplying reasonable volumes – these being Mexico who reached a peak in 2014 of 3733 tonnes, Costa Rica who peaked at 1969 tonnes in 2013 and the USA. 

    Table 7. Chinese imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
             
    World 929 3314 1534 682 640
    Leading exporters to China
    Thailand 496 1059 732 408 510
    Israel 0 0 0 1 39
    Costa Rica 19 0 37 69 25
    Indonesia 309 1633 684 155 22
    Taipei, Chinese 0 4 0 9 22
    Bulgaria 0 0 0 0 10
    United States of America 7 12 3 0 5
    Greece 0 0 0 0 3
    Philippines 25 596 58 0 2
    Spain 0 0 1 23 1
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 856 3304 1515 665 639
    % of world total 92% 100% 99% 98% 100%

    Table 7. Imports of pineapple juice concentrate into China.  Thailand supplies 80% of China’s consumption of imported pineapple juice concentrate with 510 tonnes in 2016 and 408 tonnes in 2015. Indonesia was the only other significant player in the market when during the period 2012 to 2014 when they were shipping between 309 tonnes and 1633 tonnes at the high point in 2013. This has subsequently dropped away almost completely to just 22 tonnes in 2016. 100% of the worlds exports to China for pineapple juice concentrate are from the countries listed in table 7. 

    Table 9. China various juice imports (tonnes)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    FCOJ 55852 58995 52806 45565 45874
    NFC OJ 2042 3663 5561 6807 9911
    APPLE NFC 960 1609 2494 4539 5363
    APPLE CONC. 74 160 253 231 237
    PINEAPPLE CONC. 929 3314 1534 682 640

    Source: Customs trade data

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 19 Sep
    Fruit juice sector market reports and research

    Fruit juice sector market reports and research

    A SYNOPSIS OF RECENTLY PUBLISHED AND FORTHCOMING FRUIT JUICE INDUSTRY MARKET REPORTS, BOOKS AND RESEARCH.

     

    Juice Concentrate Market Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 – 2025

    According to this recently published market report published by Transparency Market Research, the global juice concentrate market was valued in terms of revenue at USD 89.56 billion in 2016 and is anticipated to reach USD 117.89 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 3.4% from 2017 to 2025.

    In the report, the global juice concentrate market has been segmented into fruit juice concentrate and vegetable juice concentrate and then further segmented to include clear concentrate, frozen concentrate and powdered concentrate. The distribution channels are reviewed and split by online and offline, with the offline distribution channel segmented into supermarkets and hypermarkets, department stores and others. The report also looks at the market based on applications for juice concentrate such as beverages, soups and sauces, dairy products, bakery products, confectionery products and others. Geographically, regions that are considered in the study include Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. This market has been tracked on the basis of revenue where data is provided in USD billion along with the respective CAGR both on global as well as regional basis for the forecast period of 2017-2025.

    Leading players in the global Juice concentrate market featured in the report include Archer Daniels Midland Co. (U.S.), Ingredion Incorporated (U.S.), Dohler Company (Germany), SkyPeople Fruit Juice Inc. (China), AGRANA Group (Austria), Diana Food (France), Sunopta Inc. (Canda), SVZ International B.V. (Netherlands), Kanegrade Limited (UK) and The Ciatti Company (U.S.) among others.

    Publisher: Transparency Market Research

    www.transparencymarketresearch.com/juice-concentrates-market

    Publication date: July 2017

     

    Global Fruit Juice and Vegetable Juice Industry 2017 Market Research Report

    This report looks at the value of the global fruit juice and vegetable juice market in 2016, projects what it is expected to reach by the end of 2022 and assesses the CAGR growth rate % between 2016 and 2022. Segmented into several key geographical regions the report covers production, consumption, revenue (million USD), market share and the growth rate of fruit juice and vegetable juice in these regions during the period from 2012 to 2022 (forecast). These regions are North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

    The report analyses competition across the top manufacturers looking at production, price, revenue (value) and market share for each manufacturer split into natural fruit juices and concentrated juice. The manufacturers featured include Pepsi Co, Del Monte Foods Corporation, The Coca- Cola Company, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Welch Foods and Mott, Nestle.

    This report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate of fruit juice and vegetable juice for each application, including on-line sales, supermarket sales, and retails sales.

    Publisher: QYR Food & Beverages Research Center     www.qyresearchglobal.com

    Publication date: September 2017

     

    Juice Packaging Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2016 – 2024

    Juice packaging is intended to provide support, protection from external environmental elements and tamper resistance and is the most competitive segment in the global beverage packing industry and as a result of the emerging consumption of vegetable and fruit juice, the worldwide market for juice packaging is probably going to witness strong growth in future. The key trend prevailing in this market is the increased application of sustainable packaging with the upsurge in the juice packaging using biomaterials and environment friendly products which is likely to create many opportunities. Likewise, innovations concerning next generation packaging along with increased preference for pure juices other than preservative juices will add to the demand for the juice packaging.

    The report looks at the market on the basis of packaging type, technology type, opening type and geography. Packaging type is segmented into flexible and rigid juice packaging with flexible juice packaging split into stand up pouch and Bag-In-Box (BIB) packaging and rigid juice packaging sectioned into cartons, cans and bottles. The report then looks at the aseptic filling, hot filling and blow-fill-sealing processes. Further analysis looks at opening type such as lid type, straw hole opening and clip opening. Geographically, the research covers the Middle-East and Africa (MEA), North America, Asia Pacific (APAC), Europe and Latin America.

    Publisher: Transparency Market Research

    www.transparencymarketresearch.com/juice-packaging-market

    Publication date: Autumn 2017

     

    Fruit Juices

    Fruits Juices is the first and only comprehensive resource to look at the full scope of fruit juices from a scientific perspective. The book focuses not only on the traditional ways to extract and preserve juices, but also the latest novel processes that can be exploited industrially, how concentrations of key components alter the product, and methods for analysis for both safety and consumer acceptability. Written by a team of global experts, this book provides important insights for professionals in industrial and academic research as well as in production facilities.

    Publisher: Elsevier Science and Technology    Publication Date: October 2017

     

    China: Fruit And Vegetable Juices – Market Report – Analysis and Forecast to 2025

    The report provides an in-depth analysis of the fruit and vegetable juice market in China. It presents the latest data of the market size and volume, exports and imports, price dynamics and turnover in the industry. The report shows the sales data, allowing you to identify the key drivers and restraints. You can find here a strategic analysis of key factors influencing the market. Forecasts illustrate how the market will be transformed in the medium term. Report coverage includes:Fruit and vegetable juice market size and value in China; Volume and dynamics of fruit and vegetable juice production in China; Volume and dynamics of exports/imports; Producer prices, import/export prices for fruit and vegetable juice; Fruit and vegetable juice market trends, drivers and restraints; Forecast of the market dynamics in the medium term; Per capita consumption of fruit and vegetable juice in China

    Publisher:  IndexBox Marketing Ltd.       www.indexbox.co.uk    Publication date:  September 2017

     

    Global Cold Pressed Juices Market 2017-2021

    Cold-pressed juices are juices that are extracted from fruits and vegetables using a hydraulic press instead of a centrifugal press. Cold-pressed juices contain more vitamins, minerals, and enzymes than juices extracted using a centrifugal press. This is because centrifugal pressing can result in overheating and oxidization of the juice, which can result in nutrient loss. Cold-pressed juices are becoming more prominent among consumers who are health-conscious and demanding healthier juice drinks. The analysts forecast the global cold pressed juices market to grow at a CAGR of 8.28% during the period 2017-2021.

    The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global cold pressed juices market for 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the report considers the sale of cold pressed juices to individual consumers. The market is divided into the following segments based on geography:  Americas, APAC and EMEA

    Publisher:  TechNavio       www.technavio.com   Publication date: May 2017

     

    Fruit Juices World Report

    This report is a comprehensive and far reaching report on Fruit Juices and it provides vital data to business, financial, commercial and government analysts. The Fruit Juices Global Report provides data on the net market for the Products and Services covered in each of 100 countries. The Products and Services covered (Fruit Juices) are classified by the 5-Digit United States Commerce Department Major Product Codes and each Product and Services is then further defined and analyzed by each 6 to 10-Digit United States Commerce Department Product Codes.

    The Fruit Juices World Report gives Market Consumption / Products / Services for 100 countries by 6 to 10-Digit NAICS Product Codes by Time series: 2009- 2016 and Forecasts 2017- 2024. Fruit juices covered include: orange, grapefruit, apple, tomato, pineapple, grape, miscellaneous other juices

    Publisher:  PureData      www.datagroup.org    Publication date: September 2017

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 17 Jul
    ROUND-UP

    ROUND-UP

    Forecast on Brazil’s 2017/18 crop (USDA)

    The commercial area of the state of Sao Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should produce 364.5 million boxes, up 49% from the previous crop (245.3 million boxes). This projection is based on the Defence Fund for Citriculture’s (Fundecitrus) first citrus crop forecast, released on 10 May 2017.

    Total Brazilian FCOJ (65 brix equivalent) production for 2017/18 is forecast at 1.257 million tonnes, up 447 000 tonnes compared with 2016/17, due to higher expected fruit availability for crushing. The Sao Paulo industry is expected to process 320 million boxes for juice production (255 million boxes for FCOJ and 65 million boxes for NFC OJ). This would result in 1.172 million tonnes of juice (920 000 tonnes of FCOJ and 252 000 tonnes of NFC OJ). Other producing states should deliver 20 million boxes for processing.

    Total Brazilian FCOJ exports for 2017/18 are forecast at 1.143 million tonnes, up 248 000 tonnes from 2016/17 (895 000 tonnes), due to the expected higher volumes available. The Sao Paulo industry should contribute 840 000 tonnes of FCOJ. These figures include NFC OJ production converted to FCOJ (65 brix equivalent).

    The USDA forecasts ending stocks for 2017/18 at 100 000 tonnes (65 brix) up 74 000 tonnes from 2016/17. The USDA figures only include stocks in Brazil. CitrusBR forecasts stocks at 200 000-300 000 tonnes on 30 June 2018. CitrusBR global inventories include orange juice in storage tanks at processing plants and port terminals in Brazil and stocks abroad (vessels and port facilities worldwide).

    Brazil – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand  

    Tonnes 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18
    Delivered to processors 11506000 9058000 13872000
    Beginning stocks 329000 147000 24000
    Production 1006000 810000 1257000
    Exports 1153000 895000 1143000
    Domestic consumption 35000 38000 38000
    Ending stocks 147000 24000 100000

     Orange juice update – EU-28 (USDA)

    Orange juice production in 2016/17 is forecast at 101 941 tonnes (65 brix). Orange juice consumption is forecast to be stable at 826 941 tonnes.

    EU-28 is a net importer of orange juice, heavily dependent on third countries to reach the EU-28 orange juice demand. Brazil continues to be the main supplier of orange juice to the EU with around 90% of total imports. In 2015/16 the EU-28 imported 777 825 tonnes of orange juice.

    European Union – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand 

    Tonnes 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Delivered to processors 1251000 1286000 1315000
    Beginning stocks 15000 15000 15000
    Production 96980 99963 101941
    Exports 49870 52049 50000
    Domestic consumption 936771 825468 826941
    Ending stocks 15000 15000 15000

    Argentina – Lemon (USDA)

    Lemon production for 2016/17 is expected to decrease to 1.27 million tonnes from 1.35 million tonnes the year before, due to a late frost, high temperatures and excess rain.

    Fresh lemon production in 2015/16 was also negatively impacted by rains towards the end of summer, which delayed the harvest about a month.

    Fresh lemon for processing in 2016/17 is estimated at 980 000 tonnes against 1.003 million tonnes the year before.

    Following the practice carried out in the past few years, relatively high volumes of fruit are being devoted for processing as a result of the decision made by the industry to export only fresh lemons meeting higher quality standards, thus restricting the export supply and preventing a steep decrease of international prices. This market strategy is working very well and is expected to continue.

    South Africa – Orange juice (USDA)

    The USDA estimates that production of orange juice in South Africa will increase by 18% to 22 717 tonnes in 2016/17, from 19 317 tonnes in 2015/16.

    Domestic consumption is expected to increase by 3% to 6 200 tonnes in 2016/17. The relatively high food price inflation has resulted in restricted growth in the domestic consumption of fresh fruit juices, especially in 100% fruit juice, and a shift in demand to orange juice from concentrates.

    Exports of orange juice in 2016/17 are predicted to decrease by 39% to 21 160 tonnes from 34 742 tonnes the year before. This is attributed to the available production, lower opening stocks, lower year-to-date exports up to April 2017 and USDA estimates for the remainder of the season.

    Producers in South Africa prefer to export fresh oranges rather than to sell to processors as export prices are eight times higher than prices achieved from processors. Netherlands, Botswana, Mozambique, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe, are the biggest markets for South African orange juice exports.

    South Africa – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand 

    Tonnes 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Delivered to processors 403000 142000 167000
    Beginning stocks 25086 29003 8679
    Production 54821 19317 22717
    Exports 4548 34742 21160
    Domestic consumption 6800 6000 6200
    Ending stocks 29003 8679 12636

    New Zealand – Apple and pears (USDA)

    Processing volumes of apples in New Zealand for 2016/17 are forecast at 123 000 tonnes, a 12.8% reduction over 2015/16. This is a 14% revision down from the USDA’s initial forecast due to a higher percentage of the crop expected to make export grade.

    Apple processing volumes are estimated at 141 087 MT for 2015/16, 12.4% below 2014/15.

    The volume of pears going to the processing sector is estimated at 2 000 tonnes for 2016/17 – 200 tonnes higher than in 2015/16.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 17 Jul
    AIJN juice report 2017 highlights

    AIJN juice report 2017 highlights

    Apart from in a handful of countries, European fruit juice and nectar (FJN) consumption is showing a decline over the period 2013 to 2016. The most notable country to have bucked the trend is Poland with a steady rise year on year during the period up 19% 2016 against 2013. Hungary (35%), Czech Republic (21%) and Slovakia (26%) are also showing notable increases for this period but from a much lower base.

    Of the top four countries by consumption in 2016 – all are down by more than 10% against 2013: Germany (-10%); France (-15%); UK (-12%) and Spain (-10%).

    When looking at trends by type of juice consumed, all are showing a decline with the exception of not from concentrate: 5.4% up for 2016 against 2015 and 14% up 2016 against 2012. Nectars are down 3.8% down 2016 against 2015 and 9% down 2016 against 2012 with juice from concentrate down 4.9% and 20% respectively for the same period.

    Globally, North America is still the biggest consumer both by per capita consumption (24.8 litres per person in 2016) and by volume consumption (8,943 million litres in 2016). Interestingly in the EU both Malta (population 0.4 million) and Germany (population 82.6 million) consumed more per capita in 2016 than North America at 31.0 and 28.6 litres per person.

    For a more detailed analysis of fruit juice consumption (orange, apple and pineapple) by country in Eastern Europe please click here.

    Definitions 

    Fruit juice and Nectars 

    Juice: 100% pure fruit juice or vegetable juice with no added ingredients, except permitted minerals and vitamins for the purpose of fortification and permitted additives. Includes products: from concentrate, not from concentrate, chilled, ambient, frozen concentrated juice, smoothies. Excludes carbonated juice.

    Nectars: 25-99% juice content

    Diluted fruit/vegetable juice and pulp, to which sweetening agents (e.g. sugar, honey, syrups and/or sweeteners) need to be added for the purposes of production. Permitted minerals and vitamins for the purpose of fortification and permitted additives may be added. Whilst juice content is required to be equal to or in excess of 25% by volume, minimum juice content varies according to the fruit in question. Includes products: from concentrate, not from concentrate, chilled, ambient and smoothies.

    Total fruit juices and nectars in EU (Million litres)

    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Difference 2016 Vs 2015
    Total 10357 9916 9589 9529 9299 -2.4%
    Total nectars 3609 3473 3415 3420 3291 -3.8%
    Total fruit juice 6748 6442 6175 6109 6008 -1.6%
    Total fruit juice from concentrate 4945 4593 4311 4163 3958 -4.9%
    Total fruit juice not from concentrate 1803 1849 1864 1946 2050 5.4%

    Largest EU FJN markets by volume consumption 2016

    Country Million litres
    Germany 2361
    France 1415
    UK 1116
    Spain 831
    Poland 800
    Others 2776
    Total 9299

     

    Largest EU FJN markets by per capita consumption 2016

    Country Population (million) Litres per person
    Malta 0.4 31
    Germany 82.6 28.6
    Netherlands 17 23.8
    Cyprus 1.2 23.4
    Austria 8.7 22.9
    Sweden 10 22.5

    Largest FJN markets by volume consumption by region 2016

    Region Million litres
    North America 8943
    West Europe 8208
    Asia Pacific 7683
    East Europe 4250
    Africa & Middle East 3457
    Latin America 3422
    Total 35963
    EU 28 9299

    Largest FJN markets by per capita consumption by region 2016

    Country Population (million) Litres per person
    North America 360.3 24.8
    West Europe 420.5 19.5
    EU 28 512.4 18.2
    East Europe 393.5 10.8
    Latin America 585 5.8
    Africa & Middle East 952.2 3.6
    Asia Pacific 3697.5 2.1

    aijn graph

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    Acknowledgment: This information is sourced from the European Fruit Juice Association (AIJN). The AIJN represents the industry from the fruit processors to the packers of the consumer products. AIJN’s foundation goes back to 1958. The AIJN office is situated in the heart of the Brussels European quarter. 

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 17 Jul
    Fruit Juice Consumption in Eastern Europe

    Fruit Juice Consumption in Eastern Europe

    Taking three of the most traded juices on the market (orange, apple and pineapple) in both the concentrate and not for concentrate sectors, Fruit Juice Focus analyses consumption in Eastern Europe over the past five years (2012 to 2016).

    FRUIT JUICE NOT FROM CONCENTRATE

    Imports into Eastern Europe (tonnes) 

    Importers 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    Poland Orange Juice 5271 6991 13190 18447 20851 13%
    Apple Juice 9811 10043 11704 14349 12250 -15%
    Pineapple Juice 1074 890 942 1225 1341 9%
    Czech Republic Orange Juice 10194 11230 10679 12611 11886 -6%
    Apple Juice 9845 9467 8560 11940 10170 -15%
    Pineapple Juice 2462 1377 1098 915 774 -15%
    Hungary Orange Juice 4993 6992 10910 11621 10617 -9%
    Apple Juice 3900 4279 4198 5513 6957 26%
    Pineapple Juice 467 581 629 567 296 -48%
    Slovakia Orange Juice 7559 7572 7352 8878 8868 0%
    Apple Juice 4105 4026 4019 4749 5272 11%
    Pineapple Juice 880 1080 922 957 393 -59%
    Romania Orange Juice 4537 4872 3656 5064 7014 39%
    Apple Juice 2662 2775 2301 3010 3262 8%
    Pineapple Juice 218 127 162 289 166 -43%
    Lithuania Orange Juice 2322 2885 3337 3441 4297 25%
    Apple Juice 751 924 1018 953 1397 47%
    Pineapple Juice 294 263 202 229 251 10%
    Bulgaria Orange Juice 2053 2287 3327 2752 3886 41%
    Apple Juice 1255 1368 1328 1826 2155 18%
    Pineapple Juice 338 289 230 310 745 140%
    Estonia Orange Juice 1346 1878 2068 1892 1885 0%
    Apple Juice 559 797 833 650 743 14%
    Pineapple Juice 228 203 250 146 213 46%
    Latvia Orange Juice 1371 1511 1587 1609 1522 -5%
    Apple Juice 612 723 732 651 729 12%
    Pineapple Juice 78 42 98 126 73 -42%
    Ukraine Orange Juice 337 425 238 98 490 400%
    Apple Juice 1783 2574 2134 395 1471 272%
    Pineapple Juice 128 159 72 20 112 460%
    Total: all countries Orange Juice 39983 46643 56344 66413 71316 7%
    Apple Juice 35283 36976 36827 44036 44406 1%
    Pineapple Juice 6167 5011 4605 4784 4364 -9%
    Totals + 81433 88630 97776 115233 120086 4%

    + Total: all three juices across all countries. Source: Fruit Juice Focus analysis from Customs Data

    Poland tops the consumption tables across all juices with imports of orange juice into Poland showing steady growth year on year for the period with 2016 13% up on 2015. Up until 2015 apple juice consumption was also showing growth year on year until 2016 when there was a drop of 15%.

    The two other major consumers of not for concentrate juices in Eastern Europe – the Czech Republic and Hungary – have both shown consistent growth in consumption of orange and apple juice over the period 2012 to 2015. However, 2016 has seen a backward trend with orange juice down 6% and 9% against 2015 in the Czech Republic and Hungary respectively, and apple juice down 15% for the same period in the Czech Republic. Conversely apple juice maintained growth in Hungary with a 26% increase for the same period.

    Pineapple juice consumption across all countries reveals mixed trends and with the volumes comparatively low in comparison with apple and orange juice any changes in the data will show disproportionate peaks and troughs.

    Despite smaller volumes overall, the following countries have shown steady growth in orange and apple juice consumption respectively during the period with 2016 showing well against 2015:  Romania (+39%; +8%), Lithuania (+25%; +47%) and Bulgaria (+41%; +18%).

    The good news is that the Eastern European region in general has maintained a steady increase year on year for the top two juices with orange juice consumption in 2016 being 78% up on 2012 and apple juice consumption up 26% for the same period. Looking at the picture over the past five years for all three juices combined across the region there has been a steady increase each year with 2016 finishing 4% up on 2015 and 47% up on 2012.


    FRUIT JUICE CONCENTRATE

    Imports into Eastern Europe (tonnes)

    Importers 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    Poland Orange Juice 28648 32775 34681 34319 32085 -7%
    Apple Juice 51838 92886 78439 73928 54498 -26%
    Pineapple Juice 1698 2149 2543 1827 1057 -42%
    Czech Republic Orange Juice 7301 6823 12622 11778 16027 36%
    Apple Juice 2637 3085 2152 3068 3514 15%
    Pineapple Juice 514 529 498 311 247 -21%
    Hungary Orange Juice 7679 10144 8957 9168 9050 -1%
    Apple Juice 1761 5245 2267 6148 6234 1%
    Pineapple Juice 1305 1883 1441 1467 1192 -19%
    Slovakia Orange Juice 3962 3247 2643 3183 3481 9%
    Apple Juice 771 626 670 644 1668 159%
    Pineapple Juice 465 531 533 546 443 -19%
    Romania Orange Juice 3104 2701 3499 3255 3516 8%
    Apple Juice 962 592 782 781 1143 46%
    Pineapple Juice 150 127 127 121 138 14%
    Lithuania Orange Juice 2116 1840 1621 1471 1314 -11%
    Apple Juice 1266 874 839 1082 1058 -2%
    Pineapple Juice 250 379 551 492 499 1%
    Bulgaria Orange Juice 3157 2850 2640 4285 3134 -27%
    Apple Juice 539 436 559 684 1065 56%
    Pineapple Juice 427 503 516 441 128 -71%
    Estonia Orange Juice 1177 1117 884 714 632 -11%
    Apple Juice 1184 1560 1204 1228 1283 4%
    Pineapple Juice 252 583 275 152 87 -43%
    Latvia Orange Juice 1319 1330 1442 1183 1403 19%
    Apple Juice 1121 1296 1188 1236 1246 1%
    Pineapple Juice 220 270 229 302 138 -54%
    Ukraine Orange Juice 8731 8432 6875 5141 n/a n/a
    Apple Juice 2375 1265 343 350 405 16%
    Pineapple Juice 1960 1818 1586 1139 611 -46%
    Total: all countries  Orange Juice * 58463 62827 68989 69356 70642 2%
    Apple Juice 64454 107865 88443 89149 72114 -19%
    Pineapple Juice 7241 8772 8299 6798 4540 -33%
    Totals * + 130158 179464 165731 165303 147296 -11%

    * Excludes Ukraine orange juice as no 2016 data available. Source: Fruit Juice Focus analysis from Customs Data

    + Total: all three juices across all countries

    Poland is way ahead on orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) and apple juice concentrate (AJC) consumption compared to the other countries in Eastern Europe. However, FCOJ peaked in 2014 and has declined since with 2016 7% down against 2015. AJC has declined even further having peaked in 2013 and now showing a 26% drop year on year 2016 to 2015.

    Of the top three consumers – Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary – all are showing downward or flattened out trends in consumption across all juices with the exception of the Czech Republic where FCOJ is up 36% 2016 against 2015 and the highest it’s been in the five-year period and up 15% for AJC for the same period (albeit from a fairly low base).

    In Poland and Hungary, the only significant consumers of pineapple juice concentrate in the region, consumption levels have been falling slowly but surely year on year with Poland being significantly down  42% – 2016 against 2015. All other countries in the region (apart from the Ukraine) are reporting from a low base with regards pineapple concentrate and any changes in the data show disproportionate highs and lows. The general trend is down or static.

    Taking the Eastern European region as a whole for the period, AJC is 19% down 2016 against 2015 and 33% down on its 2013 peak in consumption. Pineapple juice concentrate is 33% down 2016 against 2015 and 48% down on its 2014 high point in consumption. FCOJ is holding its own year on year (the Ukraine has been excluded from these total figs due to lack of 2016 data).

    Looking at the picture over the past five years for all three concentrates combined across the region there has been a notable decline with 2016 finishing 11% down on 2015 and 18% down on the high point of 2013.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 15 May
    Italian processed tomato overview

    Italian processed tomato overview

    Information from USDA, with updated trade data from Fruit Juice Focus 

    Italy is a world leading processed tomato producer, representing approximately 13% of the global production and 48% of Europe’s production, with a sector turnover of more than EUR3.2 billion.

    Acreage to processed tomatoes amounts to nearly 68 640 hectares split mainly among the central-southern provinces of Foggia, Caserta, and Potenza, and the northern districts of Parma, Ferrara, and Piacenza. According to data released by the National Association of the Canned Vegetables Industry (Anicav),

    Italy’s processed tomato production totalled 5.1 million tonnes in 2016, a 5.5% decrease from the previous year, mainly due to adverse weather in central-southern provinces during summer. Processed tomato production reached 2.8 million tonnes in northern Italy (+6% over 2015) and 2.3 million tonnes in the centre-south (-13% over 2015).

    Crop environment 

    Generally, conditions in Italy allow for production of tomatoes throughout the year, although the bulk of the processing takes place between the months of July and December. Growing conditions vary substantially between the different regions. In the South, water is plentiful but expensive to use. Many farms utilize drip systems or sprinklers. Growers have set up cooperatives, which are part of larger producer organizations, whose main task is to make joint offers, sign contracts with processing firms, supply seeds, fertilizers and other treatments and own harvesters. Production in the North is completely mechanized and hybrids are predominantly used. The majority of the plantings are plug-seeding transplants. Direct seeding is rare and only used for the cultivation of paste tomatoes, which are sown with precision machines using coated seeds. For peeling tomatoes, the acreage is planted with plug seedlings. Tomatoes for paste are all machine harvested, but those for the production of canned tomatoes are mostly harvested manually.

    Varieties  

    The Italian tomato processing industry produces passata, sauces and pastes and is entirely separate from the fresh-market industry. Specific characteristics differentiate the two types of tomatoes: fresh market varieties are juicier and harvested prior to being ripe, while processing varieties contain higher percentages of solids, are vine ripened and typically have a thicker skin.

    Raw material base price Processed tomatoes are mainly produced on a contractual basis, with individual agreements between farmers and the industry.

    Last year the Italian tomato processors and producers organisations (POs) representing growers in northern Italy (mainly from Lombardy and Emilia Romagna) set the raw material base price at EUR85.20/tonne. AT the same time the POs representing growers in southern Italy (Calabria, Campania, Puglia, and Molise) set the raw material base price at EUR87.00/tonne for round tomatoes and EUR97.00/tonne for the long variety.

    Tomatoes

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 15 May
    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    Fundecitrus forecast on Brazil’s 2017/18 crop

    The 2017/18 orange production forecast for Brazil’s São Paulo and west-southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt is 364.47 million boxes (40.8 kg), says a new report by Fundecitrus (including cooperation of Markestrat, FEA-RP/USP and FCAV/Unesp1).

    Of this figure, 265 million boxes, or 73% of the projected crop, will come from the initial bloom, which should lead to healthy juice yields.

    Bearing trees total 174.78 million and the average number of fruit per tree in as of April 2017, not considering the droppage to occur during the season, was measured at 753 fruits per tree.

    The average number of fruit per tree may vary by 14 fruit more or less, which corresponds to 1.9% of the average number of fruit per tree obtained upon stripping.

    Fruit droppage 

    The average droppage rate is estimated at 18.5%. The forecast rate is greater than those assessed in the previous seasons and is related to a greater production volume expected for this season, which might cause an extended harvesting period, thus increasing fruit exposure to pests and diseases with potential to cause fruit droppage.

    Fruit size 

    The average size is estimated at 265 fruits per box of 40.8 kg. Smaller fruit are expected for this season due to the greater quantity of oranges on the trees which limit their growth potential. In addition, according to Somar Meteorologia, the expectation for the second half of 2017 is for a milder El Niño.

    USDA forecast on Florida’s 2016/17 crop

    The USDA’s May forecast on Florida’s current crop is up 1.00 million boxes to
    68.0 million boxes. The total includes 33.0 million boxes of the non-Valencia oranges (early, midseason, and Navel varieties) and 35.0 million boxes of Valencia oranges.

    The projection for frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) yields is lowered to 1.41 gallons per box (42 brix).

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data Uncategorised
  • 15 May
    Juice trade in Africa

    Juice trade in Africa

    Taking the two most traded juices on the market: frozen concentrated orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) and apple juice concentrate (AJC), Fruit Juice Focus analyses imports and exports in Africa over the past decade. 

    FCOJ imports 

    Uptake of FCOJ in Africa has seen some fluctuation over the past few years. Imports spiked at 78 186 tonnes in 2012, primarily due to a surge in imports to Nigeria (not shown on table) which saw shipments increase ten-fold on the previous year to over 17 000 tonnes. Overall though, the region’s FCOJ imports have been fairly stable since 2007, ranging between 40 000-50 000 tonnes per year.

    FCOJ exports 

    While there has been a decline in FCOJ exports in the last couple of years, African shipments have shown significant growth over the past decade. Exports reached 74 613 tonnes in 2014, helped by a notable increase from Egypt, which sold 26 095 tonnes to foreign markets – more than double the volume from the previous year.

    AJC imports

    Africa has more than doubled its imports of AJC over the past decade. Again there was a notable spike in imports to Nigeria in 2012, which pushed total African uptake that year to 77 697 tonnes. South Africa is the largest importer of AJC in Africa, but in both 2006 and 2008, the country was a net exporter of the product.

    AJC exports 

    Apple concentrate exports out of Africa are fairly minimal. Countries such as South Africa produce good volumes, but also consume a lot. Exports reached a peak of 33 929 tonnes in 2012 – twice the level from the previous year. This increase is attributed to very high shipments from Swaziland (not shown on table) which sold 16 602 tonnes.

    Africa trade data tables 1 and 2

     

    Africa trade data tables 3 and 4

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data