Trade Data

  • 15 Sep
    CROP ROUND UP Sept 2021

    CROP ROUND UP Sept 2021

     

    All eyes are on the drought in Brazil which has resulted in forecasts for the current orange crop being adjusted lower. This could lead to stock levels of orange juice being drawn down to critical levels by the start of next season in June 2022.

    BRAZILIAN 2021/22 ORANGE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    A new forecast from Fundecitrus for orange production in 2021/22 orange crop for the São Paulo and West-Southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt is 267.87 million boxes (40.8kg each), a marked difference from the initial forecast 294.17 million boxes estimated in May this year. The reduction of 26.30 million boxes is due to very poor rainfall leading to the most severe water crisis to hit Brazil for the past 91 years. The combination of this drought and successive frosts in July culminated in a gradual crop decline. Oranges are excessively small and fruit droppage rates are very high.

    This season was meant to be a high production year, but the above factors mean production is likely to return to the same levels from season of 268.63 million boxes

    This forecast will be updated again on 10 December, but Fundecitrus does not expect any increases if the current conditions persist.

    As mentioned, the drought was acerbated by frosts that particularly affected plots located in lower regions and regions located in the south, southwest and central sectors. In isolated cases, the frosts caused some of the younger trees to die.

    The harvest pace remains slow due to late and sporadic flowering last year. The field survey data shows that harvest was 27% complete by mid-August, which historically should already be about 35% complete.

    Fundecitrus

     

    BRAZILIAN ORANGE JUICE STOCKS <DOWN>

    Global inventories of Brazilian orange juice (66 brix FCOJ equivalent) in the hands of CitrusBR members on 30 June 2021 were 316 929 tonnes. This represents a 33% reduction on the 471 138 tonnes at the same time last year.

     

    CitrusBR

     

    BRAZILIAN ORANGE JUICE EXPORTS <UP>

    Brazilian exports of orange juice (FCOJ equivalent) seem to be recovering from the decreases last season. In July 2021 Brazil exported 87 500 tonnes, 54% more than was shipped in the same period last year (Source: Secex). Revenue from these shipments increased by 66% totalling USD133.2 million.

    However, with limited production expected in Brazil, shipments are not forecast to increase much during the 2021/22 season.

    Cepea

     

    FLORIDA – ORANGE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    An unofficial forecast on production from the forthcoming 2021/22 orange harvest in Florida has been released. Elizabeth Steger, president of Citrus Consulting International, has forecast Florida’s forthcoming crop at 52.0 million boxes, 1.5% lower than the 52.8 million boxes the state produced last season.

    Steger projected 20.8 million boxes of early-midseason oranges (22.7 million boxes last season) and 31.2 million boxes of Valencia’s (30.1 million boxes last season).

    She estimated early/mid-season oranges and Valencia’s will yield 1.09 and 1.03 boxes per tree, respectively.

    While Steger’s forecast is pegged 52 million boxes of oranges, the report says there are various scenarios in which the state’s orange crop could range from 49-56 million boxes.

    The first official forecast on the 2021/22 crop in Florida will released by the USDA in early October.

    Elizabeth Steger

     

    EUROPEAN UNION – PEACH AND NECTARINE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    In 2021/22 European Union (EU) production of peaches and nectarines is forecast to 2.67 million tonnes a decline of 16.6% compared with the previous year. This drop is expected in most of the major EU producing countries due to unfavourable weather conditions during spring and a continuous decrease in area planted.

    USDA

     

    EUROPEAN UNION – CHERRY PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Total EU cherry production in 2021/22 is projected to decline 5.3% to 664 800 tonnes due to a decline in the major producing countries. Unfavourable weather conditions with frost and heavy rainstorms during the spring season account for the drop in production.

    USDA

     

    CHILE – CHERRY PRODUCTION <UP>

    Cherry production in Chile in 2021/22 is projected to increase to 397 000 tonnes from 386 000 tonnes the year before. This is the result of an increase in planted area, as well as maturation of young orchards.

    USDA

     

    CHILE – PEACH AND NECTARINE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Fresh peach and nectarine production for 2021/22 in Chile is forecast at 158 000 tonnes, a 0.6% decrease over the previous year. A drop in productivity due to drought was offset by a relatively steady planted area.

    USDA

     

    TURKEY – CHERRY PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    The cherry production forecast in Turkey in 2021/22 is 860 000 tonnes, which is 54 000 tonnes less than during the 2020/21 season, due to frost damage that occurred in Izmir and Konya in the late spring.

    USDA

     

    TURKEY – PEACH AND NECTARINE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Peach and nectarine production in Turkey for 2021/22 is forecast at 830 000 tonnes, 60 000 tonnes lower than in 2020/21. The lower supply is attributed to frost damage in the late spring.

    USDA

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 19 Jul
    Crop round-up July/Aug 2021

    Crop round-up July/Aug 2021

    While orange production is up in regions such as Brazil, Florida, South Africa, Morocco and the EU, analysts say there are minor concerns about whether the global supply of orange juice will be sufficient to meet demand in the first half of 2022.

    FLORIDA – ORANGE PRODUCTION <UP>

    The USDA’s final forecast on Florida’s 2020/21 orange crop is 52.8 million boxes. The total is comprised of 22.7 million boxes of non-Valencia oranges (early, midseason, and Navel varieties), unchanged from the June forecast, and 30.1 million boxes of Valencia oranges, up slightly from the June forecast. USDA

     

     

    SOUTH AFRICA – ORANGE AND ORANGE JUICE PRODUCTION <UP>

    The production of oranges in South Africa is estimated to increase by 2% to 1.65 million tonnes in 2020/21, from 1.62 million tonnes the year before. The USDA projects that 285 000 tonnes of oranges will be processed in 2020/21, against 282 000 tonnes the year before.

    The production of orange juice is estimated to increase by 1% to 50 000 tonnes in 2020/21, from 49 494 tonnes in 2019/20.

    Concentrated orange juice accounts for at least 90% of the total orange juice produced in South Africa. The South African citrus industry prioritizes the export of fresh citrus, and only processes the fruit that does not meet export standards.

    The USDA estimates that exports of orange juice in 2020/21 will increase significantly to 40 000 tonnes, from 29 549 tonnes the year before. USDA

     

    TURKEY – ORANGE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    In 2020/21, orange production in Turkey is estimated to decrease to 1.3 million tonnes, which is 23% lower than in 2019/20 (1.7 million tonnes), due to excessive hot weather conditions in May 2020 during the blooming period.

    Volumes for processing are also projected to decline in 2020/21, but to a lesser degree, to 105 000 tonnes from 110 000 tonnes the year before. USDA

     

    MOROCCO – ORANGE AND ORANGE JUICE PRODUCTION <UP>

    Orange production in 2020/21 in Morocco is forecast at 1.10 million tonnes, against 806 000 tonnes the year before. The USDA expects the volume of oranges for processing to reach 50 000 tonnes, compared with 35 000 tonnes in 2019/20. This will equate to 5 000 tonnes of orange juice (65 brix equivalent) in 2020/21, against 3 500 tonnes the year before. USDA

     

    CHILE – APPLE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Commercial apple production in Chile in 2021 is expected to fall to 1.095 million tonnes 5% lower than the 1.115 million tonnes produced the previous year. USDA

     

    NEW ZEALAND – APPLE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Total apple production in New Zealand for 2020/21 is forecast at 543 000 tonnes, 8% lower than the year before. USDA

     

    FLORIDA – GRAPEFRUIT PRODUCTION <STABLE>

    The USDA’S forecast for Florida grapefruit production is unchanged at 4.10 million boxes. Of the total grapefruit forecast, 620 000 boxes are white and 3.48 million boxes are the red varieties. USDA

     

    SOUTH AFRICA – GRAPEFRUIT PRODUCTION <UP>

    The production of grapefruit in South Africa is estimated to increase by 8% to 373 000 tonnes in 2020/21, from 344 626 tonnes the previous year.

    On average, 29% of total grapefruit produced is used for processing. The USDA estimates that the volume of grapefruit delivered for processing will increase by 12% to 105 000 tonnes in 2020/21, from 94 000 tonnes the year before. Grapefruit is processed to juice and concentrate, the majority of which is exported to Europe. USDA

     

    ARGENTINA – LEMON PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Lemon production in 2021 in Argentina is forecast at 1.15 million tonnes, against 1.49 million tonnes in 2020. The same report projected the volume of lemons for processing at 831 000 tonnes, compared with 1.08 million tonnes the year before. USDA

     

    EU – LEMON PRODUCTION <UP>

    EU lemon production in 2020/21 is forecast to increase by almost 12% on the previous year to 1.6 million tonnes. USDA

     

    TURKEY – LEMON PRODUCTION <UP>

    In 2020/21, lemon production in Turkey reached 1.1 million tonnes, which is 13% higher than during the 2019/20 season (950 000 tonnes). Lemons earmarked for the processing industry in 2020/21 are expected to remain unchanged on the previous year at 50 000 tonnes. USDA

     

    CHILE – GRAPE PRODUCTION <DOWN>

    Commercial grape production in Chile in 2020/21 is expected to decrease to 615 000 tonnes, 21% lower than the 780 000 tonnes produced the previous year. USDA

     

    CHINA – PEACH, NECTARINE AND CHERRY PRODUCTION <UP>

    China’s peach and nectarine production is estimated at 16 million tonnes in 2021 (Jan-Dec), an increase of nearly 7% from the previous year.

    Cherry production is forecast at 600 000 tonnes in 2021/22 (Apr 2021-Mar 2022), an increase of 15% from 2020/21. USDA

     

     

     

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 14 Mar
    GLOBAL ORANGE JUICE SUPPLY 2020/21 (UP)

    GLOBAL ORANGE JUICE SUPPLY 2020/21 (UP)

    Global orange juice (65 brix) production for 2020/21 is forecast 17% higher than the previous year to 1.8 million tonnes. Production in Brazil and Mexico is expected to more than offsets the drop in the US. However, global production continues in a general long-term decline. Similarly, consumption is projected to continue its long-term decline, although exports are forecast to rise this year with the rebound from Mexico.

    Brazil production is forecast to rise 20% to 1.2 million tonnes on an increase in oranges available for processing. Consumption and stocks are both higher while exports are forecast to remain unchanged. Brazil remains the largest producer and is expected to account for 75% of global orange juice exports.

    US production is forecast to fall 16% to 250 000 tonnes due to a drop in available oranges for processing. Consumption and stocks are expected to be lower, in spite of higher imports.

    Mexico production is projected to more than double to 200 000 tonnes after last year’s drought-decimated orange crop. Consumption and exports are expected to climb, keeping stocks unchanged.

    EU production is projected up slightly to 88 000 tonnes. Consumption is up slightly – higher production is predicted to more than offset lower imports. Brazil remains the top supplier to the EU.

    USDA

     

     

    FLORIDA ORANGE CROP FORECAST (DOWN)

    The USDA’s current forecast on Florida’s 2020/21 orange crop is 55.5 million boxes, down

    0.5 million boxes from the previous forecast. If realized, this would be 18% lower than last season’s final production.

    The forecast for non-Valencia production has been raised by 0.5 million boxes to 22.5 million boxes. The Navel forecast, included in the non-Valencia portion of the forecast, is 600 000 boxes.

    The forecast of Valencia production has been lowered by 1.0 million boxes from the previous report to 33.0 million boxes. Current fruit size is below average and is projected to be below average at harvest. Current droppage is above the maximum and projected to be above the maximum at harvest.

    USDA

     

    BRAZIL ORANGE JUICE PRODUCTION AND STOCKS (STABLE/DOWN)

    Production of oranges in São Paulo and the Minas Gerais triangle in the 2019/20 season will reach 269.01 million boxes (40.8kg), according to Fundecitrus.

    The estimated volume of oranges used for processing for the 2019/20 season is 215.64 million boxes, of which 198.01 million boxes processed by CitrusBR members.

    CitrusBR estimates that the total consumption of oranges on the domestic and export fresh markets will be 53.40 million boxes. The average juice yield is estimated to be 263.70 boxes per tonne of FCOJ.

    Considering the above data, total orange juice production during the 2020/21 season will be 817 744 tonnes (FCOJ 66 brix equivalent). This is 32% lower than production during the previous season.

    CitrusBR says global inventories of FCOJ equivalent in the hands of CitrusBR members are estimated to be at 272 979 tonnes on 30 June 2021. If confirmed, this projection will represent a 42% decrease on the 471 138 tonnes on 30 June 2020.

    CItrusBR

     

     

    BRAZIL 2020/21 ORANGE CROP FORECAST (STABLE)

    The 2020/21 orange crop forecast update for São Paulo and Triângulo Mineiro/ Southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt is 269.01 million boxes (40.8kg). This figure is almost on par with the previous forecast, but corresponds to a decrease of 6.52% in relation to the initial forecast and 30.45% lower than the previous season.

    Fundecitrus say that the crop withstood the physiological effects of a negative biennial bearing. This crop loss, unprecedented in the history of citriculture, evidences the severity of climatic issues in this season. Production losses due to orange trees that died from the drought have not yet been included. The number of dead trees and fruit unharvested is being determined by a sample survey encompassing 5% of plots distributed throughout the citrus belt. The reduction in production caused by this atypical tree mortality will be presented on the final crop estimate of 12 April 2021.

    Fundecitrus

     

    FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT FORECAST (STABLE)

    The USDA forecast for Florida’s 2020/21 grapefruit crop remains at 4.6 million boxes.

    The red grapefruit forecast is unchanged at 3.90 million boxes. The white grapefruit forecast is similarly held at 700 000 boxes. The fruit size and fruit drop are now final.

    The final size for white grapefruit is below average, while red grapefruit size is above average. Droppage for both varieties is above average.

    USDA

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 18 Jan
    Brazil – Orange crop forecast and juice production 2021/22

    Brazil – Orange crop forecast and juice production 2021/22

    CROP ROUND-UP

     

    Global output of oranges could be looking slightly more positive for this year in many regions. However, the bounce back for Brazilian output does not look as strong as the industry had hoped.

     

    BRAZIL’S 2020/21 ORANGE CROP 

    The Fundecitrus 2020/21 orange crop forecast update for the São Paulo and West-Southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt in Brazil is 269.36 million boxes, 17.36 million boxes lower than the previous projection in September of 286.72 million boxes and 18.40 million boxes below the initial forecast.

    Production has significantly hindered by late rainfall in the Brazilian spring coupled with intense heat. Should this new projection be realised, it will result in the largest crop loss for the citrus belt since the beginning of the historical series in 1988/89 and a downturn of 30.36% in comparison to the previous crop.

    Fundecitrus

     BRAZILIAN ORANGE AND ORANGE JUICE PRODUCTION 2021/22 (UP)

    The commercial area in the state of Sao Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should contribute 315 million boxes (12.85 million tonnes) in the forthcoming 2021/22 season, an increase of 17% relative to the revised figure for current 2020/21 season (269.4 million boxes or 10.99 million tonnes).

    The lack of rainfall and high temperatures during September-October 2020 prevented the first blossoming in several citrus growing regions, is expected to reduce the full potential for the 2021/22 citrus output. However, the second blossoming occurred in October and November and benefited from the rainfall content and moderate temperatures. Production from other states is projected stable at 100 million boxes (4.08 million tonnes), similar to the 2020/21 season. Nevertheless, the USDA says it is still too early to project total orange production for the 2020/21 season and more accurate numbers will be available during the first quarter of 2021.

    Orange juice

    Total Brazilian FCOJ (65 brix equivalent) production for 2021/22 is estimated at 1.157 million tonnes, an increase of 192 000 tonnes compared with output the previous season.

    The Sao Paulo industry is expected to process 275 million boxes for orange juice production (190 million boxes for FCOJ and 85 million boxes for NFC production), accounting for 1.061 million tonnes of juice (730 000 tonnes of FCOJ and 331 000 tonnes of NFC converted to FCOJ equivalent). Other producing states should deliver 24 million boxes, accounting for 96 000 tonnes of juice.

    Total Brazilian FCOJ (65 brix equivalent) production for 2020/21 has been revised downward to 965 000 tonnes. The USDA projects total Brazilian FCOJ exports for 2021/22 at 1.08 million tonnes, unchanged from 2020/21.

    Stocks

    Ending stocks for the 2020/21 crop are forecast at 136 000 tonnes (65 brix), compared with carryover stocks of 134 000 tonnes in 2019/20. The USDA stock figures only include stocks in the storage tanks of orange juice facilities (processing plants and port terminals) in Brazil. They do not include stocks owned by Brazilian companies abroad, e.g. in transit and port terminals in the US, Europe and Japan.

    According to CitrusBR, global Brazilian orange juice inventories were at 471 138 tonnes (FCOJ equivalent) on 30 June 2020. This includes orange juice in storage tanks at processing plants and port terminals in Brazil and stocks abroad (vessels and port facilities worldwide).

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 17 Sep
    Citrus – world markets and trade

    Citrus – world markets and trade

    Oranges

    Global orange production for 2017/18 is forecast to tumble 6.0 million metric tons (tonnes) from the previous year to 47.8 million as unfavourable weather leads to smaller crops in Brazil and the United States. Similarly, fruit for processing is expected to fall, with orange juice production forecast down nearly 25% to 1.6 million tonnes (65 degrees brix) on the production slide in Brazil and the United States. Fresh exports are relatively unchanged while lower supplies are expected to affect processing oranges.

    US production is estimated to fall 24% to 3.5 million tonnes as unfavourable weather and citrus greening disease continue to cause fruit to drop in Florida before it is ripe. Exports, consumption, and fruit for processing are all lower with the smaller crop.

    Brazil’s production is forecast to fall 23% to 16.0

    million tonnes as unfavourable weather resulted in poor bloom and fruit set. Fresh orange consumption is up 173,000 tonnes while oranges for processing are down 5.0 million tonnes to 11.1 million. With the drop in oranges for processing, orange juice production is forecast to fall to 1.0 million tonnes (65 degrees brix).

    Production in the European Union is estimated down 5% to 6.4 million tonnes on lower area and drought conditions. Imports (which are more than triple exports) are up 10% while oranges for processing and fresh consumption are both down on lower supplies.

    Egypt’s production is estimated at a record 3.2 million tonnes, up 6% from last year on higher area. Exports are up 5% to a record 1.6 million tonnes on greater exportable supplies. Egypt accounts for one-third of global orange exports.

    South Africa’s production is expected to rise 8% to 1.5 million tonnes. Exports are forecast at a record 1.2 million tonnes and account for 25% of global trade. The European Union remains the top market accounting for over 40% of South African orange exports.

    Production in Turkey is forecast at a record 1.9 million tonnes due to favourable weather. Exports are also at a record on greater available supplies and high demand in Iraq and Russia.

    Mexico’s production is projected down slightly, which is expected to lower fruit used for processing and consumption.

    Morocco’s production is forecast only slightly lower at 1.0 million tonnes on favourable weather following early season drought. Exports and consumption are also forecast relatively flat on the minimal change in exportable supplies.

    China’s production is projected up 300,000 tonnes to 7.3 million as a result of favourable weather and yields. Consumption is up on higher domestic supplies and robust import demand for high- quality and counter-seasonal fruit. South Africa and Egypt are the top two suppliers, accounting for 60% of imports

    Orange Juice

    Global orange juice production for 2017/18 is forecast down 24% to 1.6 million tonnes (65 degrees brix) as Brazil and US production plunges on fewer oranges for processing.

    Consumption, exports, and stocks are expected to fall as Brazilian and US supplies, combined, fall to near 2015/16 levels.

    US production is expected down 98,000 tonnes to 205,000 as a result of fewer oranges for processing. Imports are forecast up 37% to 410,000 tonnes with Brazil and Mexico expected to supply over 90% of orange juice imports. The jump in imports offsets the drop in production, builds stocks, and tempers consumptions downward trend.

    Brazil’s production is expected to tumble nearly 30% to 1.0 million tonnes on fewer oranges for processing. As the largest producer, Brazil accounts for over three-quarters of global orange juice exports, but with the drop in production, both exports and stocks are forecast down.

    Production in the European Union is projected down 8% to 107,000 tonnes

    reduced oranges for processing due to lower area, high temperatures, and lack of rain. Consumption continues to slide as imports are also down. Even with declining consumption, the EU still remains the top orange juice consumer.

    Lemons/Limes

    Global production in 2017/18 is forecast up slightly to a record 7.7 million tonnes. Higher production in Argentina and Mexico is expected to more than offsets declines in Turkey. Global exports are forecast up slightly to a new record with record trade from Mexico, Turkey, and South Africa. Fruit used for processing is up slightly.

    Orange Juice: Production, Supply and Distribution in Selected Countries

    (1,000 Metric Tons at 65 Degrees Brix)

     

     

    2013/14

     

    2014/15

     

    2015/16

     

    2016/17

    Jan 2017/18 Jul 2017/18
    Production            
    Brazil 1,230 1,006 859 1,447 1,152 1,032
    United States 476 425 361 303 215 205
    Mexico 126 159 166 171 171 171
    European Union 114 97 100 116 102 107
    China 55 50 46 45 44 44
    South Africa 48 55 21 19 26 30
    Turkey 9 8 9 9 9 9
    Other 25 31 13 16 15 16
    Total 2,084 1,830 1,574 2,125 1,733 1,614
    Domestic Consumption            
    European Union 799 937 826 741 717 717
    United States 700 663 631 579 510 568
    China 111 99 83 97 96 96
    Canada 94 87 93 86 82 84
    Japan 68 80 78 72 70 70
    Brazil 35 35 38 38 40 40
    Australia 40 40 40 38 38 38
    Other 112 100 90 83 81 78
    Total 1,960 2,040 1,879 1,735 1,634 1,692
    Ending Stocks            
    United States 347 358 302 270 260 285
    Brazil 329 147 6 160 60 45
    European Union 15 15 15 15 15 15
    Japan 11 18 13 12 10 10
    Korea, South 1 3 5 5 6 6
    Other 30 32 13 4 5 4
    Total 733 572 353 466 357 365
    Exports            
    Brazil 1,200 1,153 962 1,255 1,137 1,107
    Mexico 121 153 158 163 164 164
    European Union 57 50 52 63 65 65
    United States 113 81 66 57 45 32
    South Africa 31 45 35 28 26 29
    Other 30 32 32 32 32 30
    Total 1,552 1,514 1,305 1,598 1,468 1,427
    Imports            
    European Union 742 890 778 689 680 675
    United States 300 330 280 301 330 410
    Canada 98 91 97 90 85 85
    Japan 63 86 73 71 68 68
    China 57 49 40 55 55 55
    Russia 45 38 37 35 35 32
    Australia 32 32 32 32 32 32
    Other 53 47 54 47 48 48
    Total 1,391 1,563 1,391 1,320 1,332 1,404

     

    For 2007/08 and after, one metric ton of 65 degrees brix equals 344.8 gallons at 42 degrees brix and 1,392.6 gallons at single strength equivalent. One metric ton of 65 degrees brix equals 344.8 gallons at 42 degrees brix and 1,405.88 gallons at single strength equivalent for 2006/2007 and earlier.

     

    Split years refer to the harvest and marketing period, which corresponds roughly to October-September in the Northern Hemisphere.

    For the Southern Hemisphere, harvest occurs almost entirely during the second year shown and the harvest and marketing period begins in the second year shown:

    South Africa – February through January Australia – April through March

    Brazil – July through June

    Import and export totals may not equal due in part to different marketing years such as those listed above.

     

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 20 Mar
    CRANBERRY JUICE TRADE

    CRANBERRY JUICE TRADE

    Top 10 global exporters – Cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 62084 64371 N/A 46320 51890 55727
    Spain 4271 2738 3568 4445 18776 N/A
    Thailand 57726 53401 15564 17863 16014 14248
    Canada 9066 12596 13977 14576 15774 18247
    Bangladesh 235 980 N/A 728 13700 N/A
    Netherlands 9454 8094 8734 7550 10410 N/A
    Ireland 3401 3333 4080 4891 6593 6261
    Malaysia 0 6356 4588 5129 4595 2808
    Germany 7575 3733 3513 4170 4199 4696
    South Africa 93024 8488 2908 1895 2205 1578

    Note: Data based on cranberry juice commoddity code 200981 Cranberry juice, unfermented, whether or not containing added sugar or other
    sweetening matter (excluding containing spirit)
    Source: Fruit Juice Focus from customs data

     

    North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – Exports cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 62084 64371 56078* 46320 51890 55727
    Canada 9066 12596 13977 14576 15774 18247
    Mexico 196 253 255 238 318 465
    NAFTA total 71346 77220 70310 61134 67982 74439

    Note: Data based on cranberry juice commoddity code 200981 Cranberry juice, unfermented, whether or not containing added sugar or other
    sweetening matter (excluding containing spirit)
    *2014 data from USA based on average; Source: Fruit Juice Focus from customs data

    Top 10 global importers – Cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 14693 14625 6788 15003 16508 16049
    UK 7959 8676 9219 11591 13642 9494
    Malaysia 0 7391 9645 8074 11427 12754
    Netherlands 15116 15169 16098 10419 8917 N/A
    Germany 11047 9276 6628 4973 6178 6420
    Portugal 4544 4760 5055 4563 5875 8239
    Qatar 0 0 275 3326 3454 N/A
    Oman 195 116 935 1942 3417 N/A
    Jamaica 0 0 412 2205 3250 N/A
    Ireland 4026 3062 2423 3175 3043 1963
    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 18 Jan
    Fruit juice consumption in the Russian Federation

    Fruit juice consumption in the Russian Federation

    Taking three of the most traded juices on the market (orange, apple and pineapple) in both the concentrate and not from concentrate sectors, Fruit Juice Focus analyses consumption in the Russian Federation for the 12 month period October to September over the past five years (2012 to 2017).

    FRUIT JUICE NOT FROM CONCENTRATE

    Consumption of imported fresh orange juice in the Russian Federation is low in comparison with many other countries and what consumption there is (see table 1) has been steadily on the decline over the past five years, although levels have flattened out since October 2015. There is a notable drop of 69% when comparing the 12 month period October 2016 to September 2017 with the same period 2013/14. The majority of the countries featured in the table have shown a similar drop in exports to the Russian Federation.

    Table 1. Russian Federation imports of orange juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Germany 481 459 305 416 426 2%
    Belarus 43 119 534 488 425 -13%
    Finland 325 327 170 157 133 -15%
    Belgium 287 253 114 109 103 -6%
    Armenia 223 226 168 106 100 -6%
    France 580 425 263 107 99 -7%
    Others 4724 4211 1031 572 599 5%
    WORLD TOTAL 6663 6020 2585 1955 1885 -4%

    Exceptions to this trend are Germany who has been a consistent exporter to the Russian Federation since the end of 2012 averaging 417 tonnes year on year and Belarus*, where the quantity of fresh orange juice has increased from the low volumes recorded four to five years ago to levels averaging 482 tonnes over the past three years.

    Both Spain and Israel have gone from being two of the largest exporters five years ago to substantially less in the last 12 months with volumes recorded down by 75% and 82% respectively. The Ukraine shows a complete cessation of exports by September 2014 from being the largest exporter to the Russian Federation. This reported to be due to the political situation between the two countries.

    Imports of fresh apple juice by the Russian Federation from countries worldwide are also on the decline following a similar trend to that shown in fresh orange juice above. The figures (see table 2) show that the 3809 tonnes imported in the most recent analysis is 43% down on the 6704 tonnes imported four years ago and 15% down on the year previous.

    Table 2. Russian Federation imports of apple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Belarus 119 216 709 1279 1856 45%
    Poland 776 752 418 322 419 30%
    Germany 359 369 246 279 298 7%
    Armenia 302 261 241 243 212 -13%
    Italy 130 155 117 126 152 20%
    Belgium 330 278 124 131 144 10%
    France 546 399 290 163 143 -12%
    Finland 352 243 155 80 99 23%
    OTHERS 4667 4029 569 682 486 -29%
    WORLD TOTAL 7581 6704 2870 3304 3809 15%

     

    Notable in the analysis is the substantial rise in imported fresh apple juice from Belarus* up 45% for the period ending September 2017 versus the same period 12 months before and a significant leap when comparing the 1856 tonnes exported by Belarus* to the Russian Federation compared with 119 tonnes for the period 2012-2013 – up 1559%.

    Poland was the largest exporter back five years ago – 776 tonnes – and is now only supplying just over half that amount at 419 tonnes occupying second place to Belarus* top spot. Germany in third place remains consistent in the annual quantities supplied with Armenia also showing consistent exports to the Russian Federation up until this past year where figures show a 13% drop against the previous period.

    Fresh pineapple juice consumption (see table 3) has been very stable during the past three 12 month periods analysed averaging just over 500 tonnes per year having dropped from a high of 923 tonnes five years ago. Germany again remains a regular supplier albeit at fairly low volumes, averaging 110 tonnes over the five years recorded and maintaining second spot to Belarus* who during the past year were exporting twice as much in terms of volume than Germany. The Netherlands have entered the picture this last year with a minimal amount of 56 tonnes up from zero in the three years prior to that. Both Finland and the Philippines were showing reasonable amounts of exports to the Russian Federation four to five years ago but have dropped away in the last two years to 21 and zero tonnes respectively.

    Table 3. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice NFC  (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Belarus 47 108 147 314 255 -19%
    Germany 121 139 87 105 100 -4%
    Netherlands 1 0 0 0 56
    Italy 24 48 20 18 33 83%
    Kazakhstan 6 5 5 31 22 -29%
    Finland 125 113 41 12 21 85%
    Thailand 30 11 10 11 20 91%
    France 29 26 8 0 15
    Armenia 67 53 25 9 11 17%
    Hungary 14 15 15 13 10 -20%
    Philippines 210 101 99 0 0
    Belgium 86 75 26 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 923 899 533 527 556 5%

     

    FRUIT JUICE CONCENTRATE

    As would be expected the Russian Federation imports most of its orange juice concentrate from Brazil – 75% in the most recent period recorded (see table 4) where imports from Brazil stood at 25123 tonnes out of the world total of 33714 tonnes. The Netherlands in the past have been one of the larger exporters to the Russian Federation peaking at 16304 tonnes (38%) of the total consumption back in the period October 2013 to September 2014 but even then, Brazil was way ahead supplying 50% of the total. The Netherlands have since then slipped back to 2989 tonnes for the last recorded period at just 9% of the total.

    Table 4. Russian Federation imports of orange juice from concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Brazil 26515 21534 27572 32199 25123 -22%
    Netherlands 7927 16304 5680 2746 2989 9%
    Italy 548 607 383 475 2637 456%
    Israel 2244 1607 1235 667 1389 108%
    Spain 0 134 548 525 844 61%
    Greece 576 296 0 63 228 264%
    Mexico 140 0 0 0 225
    Argentina 1 0 5 0 112
    Belarus 40 88 31 70 95 35%
    Belgium 5657 1799 711 112 28 -75%
    Germany 216 556 102 25 20 -20%
    Thailand 719 0 0 0 0
    Turkey 1 78 104 0 0
    Cuba 758 235 0 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 45426 43287 36387 36898 33714 -9%

    Italy has shown significant growth in exports over the past two years rising from a total of 475 tonnes for the period October 2015 to September 2016 up to a total of 2637 tonnes for the most recent period October 2016 to September 2017 – representing an increase of 456%. Similarly, Spain has jumped up the ranks to 5th place with a total of 844 tonnes supplied to the Russian Federation for the most recent period recorded – 61% up compared with the previous period.

    Israel has been a consistent supplier over the past five years despite a drop of nearly 50% two years ago and sits in fourth place in the current analysis with 1389 tonnes of orange juice concentrate supplied.

    Belgium has dropped from third place five years ago when it was exporting 5667 tonnes into the Russian Federation to an almost non-existent figure of 28 tonnes this past year.

    Apple juice concentrate is the most popular of the three fruit juices analysed in this issue of Fruit Juice Focus with the Russian Federation consuming 84919 tonnes of apple juice concentrate compared with 33714 tonnes of orange juice concentrate consumed during the period October 2016 to September 2017. In terms of suppliers of apple juice concentrate – China is way ahead, exporting 48256 tonnes to the Russian Federation during the above period which equates to 57% of the total supplied by all the countries listed (see table 5). The Russian Federation is consuming 13% less apple juice concentrate than it was two years ago where in the period October 2015 to September 2016 figures where at a five year high of 97193 tonnes of which 61734 tonnes (64%) were imported from China.

    Table 5. Russian Federation imports of apple juice from concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    China 39758 45009 38791 61734 48256 -22%
    Uzbekistan 5499 5160 2466 4602 11594 152%
    Poland 362 864 24891 10415 11551 11%
    Belarus 80 258 4295 5162 6149 19%
    Iran, Islamic Republic of 4437 4677 1506 3134 3007 -4%
    Moldova, Republic of 90 140 295 2832 2035 -28%
    Azerbaijan 119 58 0 1200 795 -34%
    Turkey 1 800 524 101 484 378%
    Austria 171 246 276 7529 369 -95%
    Netherlands 104 35 16 28 206 626%
    Czech Republic 0 0 0 0 161
    Germany 333 277 229 154 127 -17%
    Israel 243 219 112 101 62 -39%
    Italy 76 44 70 56 57 2%
    Ukraine 33971 21389 0 0 0
    Hungary 0 0 4047 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 85613 79214 77765 97193 84919 -13%

     

    Uzbekistan has climbed up to second place in the current exporter rankings with 11594 tonnes being shipped to the Russian Federation in the most recent period – up from their previous total of 4602 tonnes. Imports from Poland, who sit in third place, have fluctuated quite considerably in the past five years flattening out at 11551 tonnes in the most recent period – up 11% on the period before.

    Belarus* has also risen up the ranks of suppliers in recent years exporting 6149 tonnes in the most recent period against a figure of just 80 tonnes five years ago.

    The Ukraine – once a significant player five years ago has stopped exporting to The Russian Federation in the past three years reportedly due to the political climate.

    Consumption of pineapple juice concentrate has dropped from 11862 tonnes for the period recorded five years ago to 3934 tonnes this last period analysed – a decline of 67% (see table 6). But there has been a 21% upturn this past recorded 12 months of 21% compared with the previous 12 months – albeit from a much smaller base. The Netherlands export the largest amount of pineapple juice concentrate into the Russian Federation – just over 50% – and has been the top supplier consistently during the past five years.

    Table 6. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)

    Table 6. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice concentrate  (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Netherlands 6211 6544 4094 2145 2000 -7%
    Thailand 3130 1834 1888 122 768 529%
    South Africa 1524 531 247 229 515 125%
    Israel 518 86 198 292 242 -17%
    China 0 40 440 280 200 -29%
    Brazil 0 21 26 66 69 5%
    Italy 51 64 58 61 56 -8%
    Belarus 14 11 8 17 43 151%
    WORLD TOTAL 11862 9644 7097 3242 3934 21%

    Imports from Thailand have dropped away in recent years to just 768 tonnes compared with 3130 tonnes five years ago. Similarly, South African imports have dropped from 1524 tonnes to 515 tonnes for the same period

    Source: Fruit Juice Focus from trade statistics

    *Footnote: The Russian Federation’s foreign trade customs statistics exclude trade with the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 18 Jan
    Crop round-up

    Crop round-up

    USDA data – Brazil – Orange

    The commercial area in the state of São Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should account for 320 million boxes (13.06 million tonnes), a decrease of 19% compared with 2016/17

    Total Brazilian FCOJ production (65 brix equivalent) for 2017/18 is projected at 1.15 million tonnes, a 16% drop compared with the previous year. The São Paulo industry is expected to process 278 million boxes of oranges for orange juice production, 208 million boxes for FCOJ and 70 million boxes for NFC production, accounting for 1.052 million tonnes of juice (780 000 tonnes and 272 000 tonnes of FCOJ and NFC respectively).

    Total Brazilian FCOJ exports for 2017/18 are projected at 1.137 million tonnes, a decrease of 9% on the previous year. The São Paulo industry should contribute 1.082 million tonnes.

    Inventory levels for 2017/18 are projected at 60 000 tonnes (FCOJ equivalent) down 25 000 tonnes from 2016/17.

    USDA stock figures only include juice in the storage tanks of the facilities (processing plants, port terminals etc…) in Brazil. They do not include stocks owned by Brazilian companies abroad, e.g., in transit and port terminals in the US, Europe and Japan.

    According to the Brazilian Association of Citrus Exporters (CitrusBR), global Brazilian orange juice inventories were 107 387 tonnes (66 Brix) on 30 June 2017, which includes 6 872 tonnes of orange juice in storage tanks (processing plants, port terminals, etc…) in Brazil. CitrusBr projects global orange juice inventories on 30 June 2018 at 207 565 tonnes. CitrusBr global inventories include orange juice in storage tanks at processing plants and port terminals in Brazil and stocks abroad (vessels and port facilities worldwide).

    BRAZIL ORANGE JUICE
    ORANGE JUICE (65 brix equivalent) Tonnes
    Season 2016/17 2017/18 2018/19
    Beginning stocks 147 000 6 000 85 000
    Production 859 000 1 372 000 1 152 000
    Exports 962 000 1 255 000 1 137 000
    Dom. consumption 35 000 38 000 40 000
    Ending stocks 6 000 85 000 60 000
    Total distribution 1 006 000 1 378 000 1 237 000
    Source: USDA

     

    USDA data – Poland – Apple

    Poland’s 2017/18 apple crop is estimated at 2.8 million tonnes, a 20% decrease from last year.

    The USDA estimates that Polish processors will use 1.4 million tonnes of fresh domestically grown apples in 2017/18, a decline from 1.8 million tonnes in 2016/17. Almost 50% of domestic apples are processed, mostly into concentrated apple juice. Except for apple juice concentrate, Polish processing capacity remains relatively low.

    Poland is the EU’s largest producer and exporter of apple juice and apple juice concentrate (AJC). In 2016/17, production reached 300 000 tonnes. The smaller crop in 2017/18 is expected to lead to a 27% decrease in AJC production from the previous year. Output will depend on the quality of apples on the market in the second half of 2017/18 (July to June marketing year).

    The USDA forecasts that the export opportunities for Polish apple processors in 2017/18 are lower. Higher input costs will increase apple juice prices and this is coupled with strong competition from China. AJC exports in 2017/18 are expected to reach 224 000 tonnes, a 20% decline from the year before. In 2016/17 Poland exported 279 000 tonnes of AJC. The main export destinations are Germany and other EU member states. The main non-EU export markets are the US and Russia.

    Exports of AJC to the US and Russia in 2017/18 are expected to decline due to strong price competition from China. In 2016/17 Poland exported 12 000 tonnes of AJC to the US and the same amount was shipped to Russia.

    In recent years, Poland has imported small amounts of AJC from other countries, mostly from the Ukraine and Moldova to blend with local supplies. In 2016/17, Poland imported 54 000 tonnes of AJC. According to industry sources, imported Chinese AJC would be able to compensate for the domestic supply shortages in 2017/18.

    POLAND – apple juice 2017/18 (USDA)
    (Tonnes) 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18*
    Apples for fresh domestic market 650,000 700,000 600,000
    Apples for processing 1,397,780 1,751,400 1,416,900
    Apple concentrate production 305,000 300,000 220000**
    * Estimate
    ** Including imported AJC mixed with apple juice produced from locally grown apples
    Source:USDA
    Poland – Apple concentrate exports (year ending June)
    (Tonnes) Commodity code 200979 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Germany 145000 147000 117000
    Netherlands 26000 23000 26000
    UK 26000 27000 26000
    Austria 15000 18000 24000
    USA 31000 3000 12000
    Russia 21000 9000 12000
    France 6000 8000 10000
    Others 42000 35000 52000
    World total 312000 270000 279000

     

    USDA data – Europe – Orange

    Total EU orange production in 2017/18 is expected to fall 7.7% to 6.2 million tonnes, of which 1.3 million will go for processing, says the USDA. Spanish orange production is predicted to fall 11% to 3.2 million tonnes.

    EU orange juice production is forecast to fall 11% to 102 000 tonnes.

    EU orange juice imports in 2016/17 were 682 000 tonnes, of which 90% were from Brazil.

     

     

    USDA data – China – Orange

    2017/18 orange production is forecast at 7.3 million tonnes, up 4% from the previous year due to favourable weather and a diminished impact from citrus greening.

    Orange juice production in 2017/18 (October-September) is forecast at 43 800 tonnes, down slightly from the 2016/17 estimate of 44 500 tonnes. Industry reports that consumer demand for ‘not from concentrate’ (NFC) juice is growing and Chinese processors can now sell high-quality NFC juice at over twice the price of ‘from concentrate’ (FC) juice. Industry contacts also report that production of FC juice continues to slowly decline as consumer demand weakens. Major Chinese orange juice processors are located in Chongqing and Sichuan provinces.

    Orange juice domestic consumption is forecast at 96 200 tonnes, almost unchanged from the 2016/17 estimate. The USDA has increased consumption estimates by more than 30% due to reports from retailers that while demand for FC juice remains weak, consumption of NFC juice was unexpectedly strong, especially in top-tier cities as cold-chain infrastructure, marketing efforts and disposable incomes expand.

    Orange juice imports in 2017/18 are projected at 55 000 tonnes, unchanged on the previous year. Based on Chinese Customs data, 2016/17 import estimations were increased significantly due to unexpectedly strong import demand from Chinese processors opting to import ingredients for juicing as opposed to utilizing domestic oranges which have increased in price. Orange juice exports in 2017/18 are forecast at 2 600 tonnes

     

    USDA data – South Africa – Orange

    The production of oranges in the 2017/18 is forecast to increase by 2% to 1.43 million tonnes, from 1.40 million tonnes in 2016/17.

    The production of orange juice is forecast to increase by 18% to 26 000 tonnes in 2017/18, from 22 000 tonnes in 2016/17. This is due to the increase in the quantity of fresh oranges delivered for processing and the higher juice extraction achieved as a result of the better quality of oranges.

    The domestic consumption of orange juice is forecast to increase by 3% to 6 400 tonnes in 2017/18, from 6 200 tonnes in 2016/17, based on the increase in production and supply availability. The relatively high food price inflation has resulted in restricted growth in the domestic consumption of fresh fruit juices especially the one hundred percent fruit juice, and the shift in demand to orange juice concentrates.

    Exports of orange juice in 2017/18 will increase by about 6% to 25 500 tonnes, from 24 000 tonnes in the 2016/17, based on the available supply and increase in production.

    Producers in South Africa prefer to export fresh oranges rather than to sell to processors as export prices are eight times higher than prices achieved from processors. Netherlands, Botswana, Mozambique, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe are the biggest markets for South African orange juice exports.

     

    USDA data – Australia – Orange

    Production of fresh oranges is forecast at 480 000 tonnes in 2017/18, the same as the previous year, assuming average seasonal conditions.

    The USDA forecasts 60 000 tonnes of fresh oranges will be processed into juice for 2017/18. Total orange juice production is forecast to remain at 7 000 tonnes in 2017/18.

    In 2017, the national shortage of Navel oranges for fresh juice production led a number of processors to import orange juice concentrate for mixing with available fresh juice. Some processors used labels on juice bottles to advise consumers on the use of concentrate. In mid-2018, Australia will introduce stricter country-of-origin labelling to all products, which will make it mandatory to label fruit juice made from either local or imported juice.

    Growers have traditionally entered into 3-year contracts with juice processors for juice supplies, although shorter term contracts have been more common in recent years. Lower domestic prices offered by juice processors have encouraged farmers to switch to growing more profitable varieties such as Navel oranges and mandarins; away from Valencia oranges. This trend has resulted in smaller supplies for Valencia oranges, which is now impacting juice processors. In 2017, higher international demand for Valencia oranges has further reduced supplies for processing orange juice.

    Orange juice consumption has fallen over the last decade from 49 000 tonnes in 2005/06 to 41 000 tonnes in 2012/13. The USDA expects a further decrease to 38 000 tonnes for 2017/18.

    Per capita annual consumption of citrus fruit has declined over the last five years due to competition from other beverages such as iced tea and sports drinks. Health concerns are also driving consumers to move away from drinks with higher sugar content and imported concentrates.

    Orange and apple juice are the most popular products on the Australian juice market, but many new competitive products have been introduced such as fruit and vegetable juice combinations, organic juice varieties, cold pressed juice, coconut water, and mixtures with other beverages. Valencia oranges are harvested in winter, but are mainly consumed as juice in the summer, thus, some processors have used six various storage systems for juice, apart from freezing. Juice can be pasteurized and stored juice in 1,000-litre bladders at low temperatures to maintain juice supplies over the year.

    Australia exports small quantities of orange juice – exports in 2017/18 are estimated at just 500 tonnes, which was revised down from 600 tonnes in 2016/17. Processors import orange juice and concentrate to meet overall domestic demand.

    Imports of orange juice concentrate are expected to remain stable at 31 500 tonnes in 2017/18. Brazil is the main supplier of frozen orange juice concentrate (FCOJ).

     

    USDA data – Morocco – Orange

    Morocco’s orange production for 2017/18 at 935 000 tonnes, a decline of 10% over 2016/17.

    Orange juice production in 2017/18 at 35,000 tonnes, 43% lower than 2016/17 due to less availability for processing.

    Orange juice exports for 2017/17 are expected to be lower at 3 000 tonnes and imports are projected to be higher at 3 100 tonnes. Morocco began exporting volumes of single-strength orange juice in 2016/17 to the Netherlands and France.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 16 Nov
    USA – Fruit Juice Imports

    USA – Fruit Juice Imports

    In spite of continued reports of slow retail consumption for 100% juices in the USA, particularly for orange juice, research by Fruit Juice Focus has shown that total juice imports have grown over the past year. While this could be due in part to lower domestic production, it is promising nonetheless and could herald the end to the long-standing decline in uptake.

    Fruit juice concentrate

    Table 1. US imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 939961 974027 4%
    Leading exporters to US
    Mexico 451225 522712 16%
    Brazil 324121 312104 -4%
    Costa Rica 109710 87755 -20%
    Belize 35248 18293 -48%
    Canada 12908 10536 -18%
    Spain 22 5883
    Total US imports from the above countries 933235 957284 3%
    % of world total 99% 98%

    Table 1 – US imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ). The US imports the vast majority of its orange juice concentrate from just three countries, Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. Mexico has made significant advances in export volumes year on year with a 16% increase from 451225 tonnes during the period October 2015 to September 2016 up to 522712 tonnes for the corresponding period ending October 2016 to September 2017.

    Conversely Costa Rica has seen a 20% downturn in trade with the US during the same period from 109710 tonnes to 87755 tonnes. Brazil’s market share remains fairly stable at just 4% down.

    Smaller exporters to the US have also shown a reduction in their exports to the US with Belize down 48% for the period and Canada down 18%. Spain has entered the market but the volume of 5883 tonnes is too insignificant to allow any meaningful projections as to whether they will increase volumes in the future.

    As a group the countries shown in this table, which account for almost all exports to the US, have increased their export volumes of FCOJ by 3% which is in line with global exports as a whole which have increased by 4%.

    Table 2 – US imports of Apple juice concentrate (AJC). This data has been retracted (The Editor)

    Table 3. US imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
         
    World 173796 155188 -11%
    Leading exporters to US
    Thailand 67863 54847 -19%
    Philippines 42649 47054 10%
    Costa Rica 31442 26010 -17%
    Indonesia 20569 18085 -12%
    Total US imports from the above countries 162523 145997 -10%
    % of world total 94% 94%

    Table 3 – US imports of pineapple juice concentrate.  Global exports of pineapple juice concentrate have been falling and are down 11% year on year for the period analysed. This downturn is reflected in all the countries in the table bar one – the Philippines which bucked the trend with an increase of 10% up to 47054 tonnes. Of the remaining countries Thailand and Costa Rica suffered 19% and 17% falls respectively and Indonesia a 12% drop.

    Fruit juice not-from-concentrate

    Table 4. US imports of orange juice not-from-concentrate (NFC OJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 301881 415644 38%
    Brazil 225271 294927 31%
    Mexico 74810 114208 53%
    Canada 264 3499 1226%
    Spain 743 1657 123%
    Total US imports from the above countries 301087 414291 38%
    % of world total 100% 100%

    Table 4 – US imports of orange juice not-from-concentrate (NFC OJ). Brazil, as would be expected is responsible for the majority of fresh orange juice imported into the US and continues to grow with an increase of 31% year on year from 225271 to 294927 tonnes. Mexico, with less than half Brazil’s volumes remains the only other significant player in this market having increased theirs by 53% year on year. Globally, exports of fresh orange juice to the US have shown a significant increase during the period – up by 38%.

    Table 5. US imports of apple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 12354 13064 6%
    Canada 7888 8143 3%
    China 719 1068 49%
    Germany 686 872 27%
    Mexico 1057 815 -23%
    Total US imports from the above countries 10349 10898 5%
    % of world total 84% 83%

    Table 5 – US imports of apple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC).  The US imports most of its supplies of apple juice NFC from Canada, receiving 13064 tonnes for the period October 2016 to September 2017. This is nearly eight times the amount shipped into the US from its nearest competitor China. The other two exporting countries in the table, Germany and Mexico have been included to demonstrate the market dominance of Canada and as can be seen constitute a very small amount of the volumes traded.

    Table 6. US imports of pineapple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC) tonnes
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 71190 95617 34%
    Leading exporters to US
    Costa Rica 40180 41147 2%
    Philippines 15367 29941 95%
    Guatemala 1088 8470 679%
    Indonesia 5409 6210 15%
    Honduras 1764 4148 135%
    Thailand 4486 2764 -38%
    Mexico 1222 2189 79%
    Total US imports from the above countries 69517 94869 36%
    % of world total 98% 99%

    Table 6 – US imports of pineapple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC).  Global exports to the US have risen threefold from 71190 to 95617 tonnes for the period October 2016 to September 2017 compared to the same period in the previous twelve months. With the exception of Thailand – who dropped by 38% – all the countries listed in the table have shown an increase in exports to the US for the period. In volume terms the Philippines made the most significant jump, up 95% year on year from 15637 tonnes to 29941 tonnes, closing the gap on Costa Rica who is the major player in fresh pineapple juice (NFC) exports.

    Table 7. US various juice imports (tonnes)
    Oct-Sept 2016 Oct-Sept 2017
    FCOJ 939961 974027
    AJC 1897843 1931254
    PINEAPPLE CONC. 173796 155188
    NFC OJ 301881 415644
    APPLE NFC 12354 13064
    PINEAPPLE NFC 71190 95617
    TOTAL ALL JUICES 3397025 3584794

    Source: Customs trade data.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
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