Trade Data

  • 15 May
    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    Fundecitrus forecast on Brazil’s 2017/18 crop

    The 2017/18 orange production forecast for Brazil’s São Paulo and west-southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt is 364.47 million boxes (40.8 kg), says a new report by Fundecitrus (including cooperation of Markestrat, FEA-RP/USP and FCAV/Unesp1).

    Of this figure, 265 million boxes, or 73% of the projected crop, will come from the initial bloom, which should lead to healthy juice yields.

    Bearing trees total 174.78 million and the average number of fruit per tree in as of April 2017, not considering the droppage to occur during the season, was measured at 753 fruits per tree.

    The average number of fruit per tree may vary by 14 fruit more or less, which corresponds to 1.9% of the average number of fruit per tree obtained upon stripping.

    Fruit droppage 

    The average droppage rate is estimated at 18.5%. The forecast rate is greater than those assessed in the previous seasons and is related to a greater production volume expected for this season, which might cause an extended harvesting period, thus increasing fruit exposure to pests and diseases with potential to cause fruit droppage.

    Fruit size 

    The average size is estimated at 265 fruits per box of 40.8 kg. Smaller fruit are expected for this season due to the greater quantity of oranges on the trees which limit their growth potential. In addition, according to Somar Meteorologia, the expectation for the second half of 2017 is for a milder El Niño.

    USDA forecast on Florida’s 2016/17 crop

    The USDA’s May forecast on Florida’s current crop is up 1.00 million boxes to
    68.0 million boxes. The total includes 33.0 million boxes of the non-Valencia oranges (early, midseason, and Navel varieties) and 35.0 million boxes of Valencia oranges.

    The projection for frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) yields is lowered to 1.41 gallons per box (42 brix).

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data Uncategorised
  • 15 May
    Juice trade in Africa

    Juice trade in Africa

    Taking the two most traded juices on the market: frozen concentrated orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) and apple juice concentrate (AJC), Fruit Juice Focus analyses imports and exports in Africa over the past decade. 

    FCOJ imports 

    Uptake of FCOJ in Africa has seen some fluctuation over the past few years. Imports spiked at 78 186 tonnes in 2012, primarily due to a surge in imports to Nigeria (not shown on table) which saw shipments increase ten-fold on the previous year to over 17 000 tonnes. Overall though, the region’s FCOJ imports have been fairly stable since 2007, ranging between 40 000-50 000 tonnes per year.

    FCOJ exports 

    While there has been a decline in FCOJ exports in the last couple of years, African shipments have shown significant growth over the past decade. Exports reached 74 613 tonnes in 2014, helped by a notable increase from Egypt, which sold 26 095 tonnes to foreign markets – more than double the volume from the previous year.

    AJC imports

    Africa has more than doubled its imports of AJC over the past decade. Again there was a notable spike in imports to Nigeria in 2012, which pushed total African uptake that year to 77 697 tonnes. South Africa is the largest importer of AJC in Africa, but in both 2006 and 2008, the country was a net exporter of the product.

    AJC exports 

    Apple concentrate exports out of Africa are fairly minimal. Countries such as South Africa produce good volumes, but also consume a lot. Exports reached a peak of 33 929 tonnes in 2012 – twice the level from the previous year. This increase is attributed to very high shipments from Swaziland (not shown on table) which sold 16 602 tonnes.

    Africa trade data tables 1 and 2


    Africa trade data tables 3 and 4

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 13 Mar
    Demand for mango and passion fruit juice concentrates

    Demand for mango and passion fruit juice concentrates

    Fruit Juice Focus analyses the past five years of imports of mango and passion fruit juice concentrates into key consumer countries including the Netherlands, Germany, France, the UK and the US.


    Aseptic mango puree concentrate 28/30 brix imports have shown steady growth in the three countries analysed below with all showing a surge in demand between 2011 and 2014. While figures indicate a levelling off in 2015 and 2016, the increased popularity of mango juice over the last few years can’t be ignored. Tropical blends on the supermarket shelves are commanding more space as consumers look to expand tastes.

    Imports into the Netherlands, for example, more than doubled in 2012 against 2011 with an even greater jump in 2013 up to 21,561 tonnes against the 2012 figure of 9,999 tonnes.

    Imports into the US have increased steadily from 2011 through to 2015 with 2016 showing a slight drop in demand of around 3%. Most of these supplies would have been delivered from South America – particularly Colombia.



    Passion fruit

    Imports of passion fruit juice concentrate (50 brix) show steady growth in the UK and France for the period 2012 though to 2016. The sporadic supply to the Netherlands could be attributed to the volatile pricing that the passion fruit juice concentrate market is subject to. Production in top-producer, Ecuador, rises and falls corresponding to local fruit pricing – usually in a three-year cycle. Passion fruit juice concentrate has traded for up to USD15000 in the past few years. Current pricing is around USD7000/tonne.




    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
  • 13 Mar
    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    Round-up: Citrus processing reports

    BRAZIL – orange juice (CitrusBR)

    As part of the Brazilian industry’s commitment to transparency CitrusBR has reported that global inventories of Brazilian orange juice (FCOJ equivalent) as of 31 December 2016 amounted to 497 383 tonnes. This is a 32% decrease on the  728 865 tonnes on hand the year before.

    The association has also projected that global stock levels of Brazilian FCOJ would fall to just 70 000 tonnes on 30 June 2017. This would represent an 80% drop on the 351 567 tonnes carried into the 2016/17 crop on 30 June 2016.

    BRAZIL – orange juice (Fundecitrus)

    The February 2017 Fundecitrus forecast for orange production for the 2016/17 season in Brazil (São Paulo and West-Southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt) is 244 million boxes (40.8 kg) – unchanged on the December 2016 projection.

    The number of fruits per box has decreased due to the increase in the weight of the fruits caused by heavy rains since December.

    The average fruit droppage rate for all varieties remains at 13.73%. In the face of a small crop, the demand for fruit has boosted the harvesting pace, which has helped maintain low droppage rates.

    MEXICOOrange Juice (USDA)

    Production and processing: Frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) production for 2016/17 (November 2016 through October 2017) is forecast to increase with expected strong demand from processors due to attractive orange juice futures prices. Estimated 2016/17 orange juice production is 170,000 tonnes (65 brix), with production from 2015/16 revised upward to 165,000 tonnes. Deliveries to processors in 2014/15 were also revised upward. The initial forecast for fruit use by processors in 2016/17 is 1.70 million tonnes, compared with 1.60 million tonnes in 2015/16 and 1.55 million tonnes in 2014/15.

    Trade: Estimated trade volume forecasts for exports of orange juice in 2016/17 are 163,000 tonnes. 2014/15 and 2015/16 estimates are revised upwards. Exports of orange juice to the US in 2016/17 are expected to be the same as in 2015/16.

    SPAIN – Orange Juice (USDA) 

    Processing: Spain is preliminarily forecast to process 900,700 tonnes of oranges in 2016/17. This will equate to 70,000 tonnes of concentrate.

    The 2015/16 crop reached  728,000 tonnes producing 56,000 tonnes of concentrate – up on the 820,000 tonnes (64,000 tonnes of concentrate) produced the previous year.

    The total volume of oranges channelled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.

    CHINA Orange Juice (USDA)

    Production: Estimated orange juice production in 2016/17 (October-September) is 42,000 tonnes, over 8% down on 2015/16.

    Consumption: Forecasts for 2016/17 orange juice domestic consumption down 12% on 2015/16 at 72,700 tonnes, with demand for juice beverages losing momentum since 2014. Key industry contacts agree that although demand for juice from concentrate is falling, the market for 100% fresh orange juice is growing as cold-chain infrastructure, marketing efforts and disposable incomes expand.

    Trade: With the expected drop in overall consumption, forecasts for orange juice imports in 2016/17 are 33,000 tonnes, a drop of 18% on 2015/16. Forecasts for 2016/17 orange juice exports are also down 18% on 2015/16 at 2,300 tonnes due to the anticipated lower production.

    SOUTH AFRICA Orange Juice (USDA)

    Production: Orange juice production in South Africa is forecast to decrease by less than 1% to 44,465 tonnes in 2016/17 (November-October), from 44,570 tonnes in 2015/16. The 2015/16 production of orange juice was revised upwards to 44,570 tonnes. The 2014/15 production of orange juice remains unchanged at 42,163 tonnes

    Consumption: Domestic uptake is expected to increase by 1% to 7,100 tonnes in 2016/17, from 7,000 tonnes in 2015/16. The 2014/15 consumption of orange juice remains unchanged at 6,800 tonnes.

    Trade: 2016/17 exports of orange juice are forecast to decrease by 31% to 36,000 tonnes. The 2015/16 and 2014/15 exports of orange juice remain unchanged at 52,252 tonnes and 44,502 tonnes respectively

    MOROCCOOrange Juice (USDA)

    Production: Fresh oranges delivered to juice processors are currently estimated at about 53,000 tonnes annually.

    Consumption: The local market consumes more than 70% of the estimated overall orange juice production estimated at 50 million litres, of which 20 million litres come from local processing of fresh citrus and the rest from imported juice and concentrates.

    Trade: Imports for 2016/17 (September – October) are forecast to increase slightly to 4,000 tonnes and exports at 3,000 tonnes. Estimated imports for 2015/16 are 3,238 tonnes and exports are 2,946 tonnes.

    COSTA RICAOrange Juice (USDA)

    Trade: Costa Rica exports the majority of its orange production as frozen orange juice concentrate but also exports non-frozen juice concentrate. Exports amounted to 25,519 tonnes valued at USD37.1 million in calendar year 2015 (January-December). This compares with 29,360 tonnes valued at USD51.7 million during the same period in 2014. Data available for January-August 2016 show a significant increase in exports during 2016 reaching 34,824 tonnes valued at USD68.1 million. Higher exports during calendar year 2016 are consistent with higher production in 2015/16. The US continues to be Costa Rica’s main destination for orange juice exports.

    JAPANOrange Juice (USDA)

    Consumption: Domestic consumption for 2016/17 is forecast to decrease by 500 tonnes, a 1% decrease compared with 2015/16.

    Trade: In 2015/16 total imports of orange juice decreased 15% from 2014/15 to 73,143 tonnes. This decline is attributed to large purchases made during MY

    2014/15 when the price of Brazilian orange juice concentrate was low. Brazil is the largest supplier of orange juice to Japan, accounting for about 70% of Japan’s total orange juice imports. The forecast for 2016/17 estimates that total imports will increase by 9% to 80,000 tonnes

    ISRAELOrange Juice (USDA)

    Production: The initial forecast for 2016/17 (October-September) for orange deliveries to processors is 55,000 tonnes showing strong demand against the corresponding period 2015/16 which was estimated at 26,000 tonnes. The forecast for orange juice production for the period 2016/17 is 5,500 tonnes against an estimated figure of 2,600 tonnes for the same period in 2015/16.

    Trade: Imports are forecast to be down year on year from 26,000 tonnes for 2016/17 against 29,000 tonnes for 2015/16. Exports are looking static for 2016/17 and 2015/16 at 14,000 tonnes and 14,400 tonnes respectively.

    ARGENTINA Lemons

    Processing: Fresh lemon for processing in 2016/17 (November-October) is forecast to decrease on the previous year to 1.02 million tonnes. Fresh lemon for processing in 2015/16 is estimated to decrease from 1.2 million tonnes to 1.05 million tonnes. For 2014/2015, fresh lemon for processing remained unchanged at 1.195 million tonnes. Following the practice carried out in the past few years, relatively high volumes of fruit are being devoted for processing as a result of the decision made by the industry to export only fresh lemons meeting higher quality standards, thus restricting the export supply and preventing a steep decrease of international prices.

    By Caroline Calder Trade Data
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