Trade Data

  • 17 Sep
    Citrus – world markets and trade

    Citrus – world markets and trade

    Oranges

    Global orange production for 2017/18 is forecast to tumble 6.0 million metric tons (tonnes) from the previous year to 47.8 million as unfavourable weather leads to smaller crops in Brazil and the United States. Similarly, fruit for processing is expected to fall, with orange juice production forecast down nearly 25% to 1.6 million tonnes (65 degrees brix) on the production slide in Brazil and the United States. Fresh exports are relatively unchanged while lower supplies are expected to affect processing oranges.

    US production is estimated to fall 24% to 3.5 million tonnes as unfavourable weather and citrus greening disease continue to cause fruit to drop in Florida before it is ripe. Exports, consumption, and fruit for processing are all lower with the smaller crop.

    Brazil’s production is forecast to fall 23% to 16.0

    million tonnes as unfavourable weather resulted in poor bloom and fruit set. Fresh orange consumption is up 173,000 tonnes while oranges for processing are down 5.0 million tonnes to 11.1 million. With the drop in oranges for processing, orange juice production is forecast to fall to 1.0 million tonnes (65 degrees brix).

    Production in the European Union is estimated down 5% to 6.4 million tonnes on lower area and drought conditions. Imports (which are more than triple exports) are up 10% while oranges for processing and fresh consumption are both down on lower supplies.

    Egypt’s production is estimated at a record 3.2 million tonnes, up 6% from last year on higher area. Exports are up 5% to a record 1.6 million tonnes on greater exportable supplies. Egypt accounts for one-third of global orange exports.

    South Africa’s production is expected to rise 8% to 1.5 million tonnes. Exports are forecast at a record 1.2 million tonnes and account for 25% of global trade. The European Union remains the top market accounting for over 40% of South African orange exports.

    Production in Turkey is forecast at a record 1.9 million tonnes due to favourable weather. Exports are also at a record on greater available supplies and high demand in Iraq and Russia.

    Mexico’s production is projected down slightly, which is expected to lower fruit used for processing and consumption.

    Morocco’s production is forecast only slightly lower at 1.0 million tonnes on favourable weather following early season drought. Exports and consumption are also forecast relatively flat on the minimal change in exportable supplies.

    China’s production is projected up 300,000 tonnes to 7.3 million as a result of favourable weather and yields. Consumption is up on higher domestic supplies and robust import demand for high- quality and counter-seasonal fruit. South Africa and Egypt are the top two suppliers, accounting for 60% of imports

    Orange Juice

    Global orange juice production for 2017/18 is forecast down 24% to 1.6 million tonnes (65 degrees brix) as Brazil and US production plunges on fewer oranges for processing.

    Consumption, exports, and stocks are expected to fall as Brazilian and US supplies, combined, fall to near 2015/16 levels.

    US production is expected down 98,000 tonnes to 205,000 as a result of fewer oranges for processing. Imports are forecast up 37% to 410,000 tonnes with Brazil and Mexico expected to supply over 90% of orange juice imports. The jump in imports offsets the drop in production, builds stocks, and tempers consumptions downward trend.

    Brazil’s production is expected to tumble nearly 30% to 1.0 million tonnes on fewer oranges for processing. As the largest producer, Brazil accounts for over three-quarters of global orange juice exports, but with the drop in production, both exports and stocks are forecast down.

    Production in the European Union is projected down 8% to 107,000 tonnes

    reduced oranges for processing due to lower area, high temperatures, and lack of rain. Consumption continues to slide as imports are also down. Even with declining consumption, the EU still remains the top orange juice consumer.

    Lemons/Limes

    Global production in 2017/18 is forecast up slightly to a record 7.7 million tonnes. Higher production in Argentina and Mexico is expected to more than offsets declines in Turkey. Global exports are forecast up slightly to a new record with record trade from Mexico, Turkey, and South Africa. Fruit used for processing is up slightly.

    Orange Juice: Production, Supply and Distribution in Selected Countries

    (1,000 Metric Tons at 65 Degrees Brix)

     

     

    2013/14

     

    2014/15

     

    2015/16

     

    2016/17

    Jan 2017/18 Jul 2017/18
    Production            
    Brazil 1,230 1,006 859 1,447 1,152 1,032
    United States 476 425 361 303 215 205
    Mexico 126 159 166 171 171 171
    European Union 114 97 100 116 102 107
    China 55 50 46 45 44 44
    South Africa 48 55 21 19 26 30
    Turkey 9 8 9 9 9 9
    Other 25 31 13 16 15 16
    Total 2,084 1,830 1,574 2,125 1,733 1,614
    Domestic Consumption            
    European Union 799 937 826 741 717 717
    United States 700 663 631 579 510 568
    China 111 99 83 97 96 96
    Canada 94 87 93 86 82 84
    Japan 68 80 78 72 70 70
    Brazil 35 35 38 38 40 40
    Australia 40 40 40 38 38 38
    Other 112 100 90 83 81 78
    Total 1,960 2,040 1,879 1,735 1,634 1,692
    Ending Stocks            
    United States 347 358 302 270 260 285
    Brazil 329 147 6 160 60 45
    European Union 15 15 15 15 15 15
    Japan 11 18 13 12 10 10
    Korea, South 1 3 5 5 6 6
    Other 30 32 13 4 5 4
    Total 733 572 353 466 357 365
    Exports            
    Brazil 1,200 1,153 962 1,255 1,137 1,107
    Mexico 121 153 158 163 164 164
    European Union 57 50 52 63 65 65
    United States 113 81 66 57 45 32
    South Africa 31 45 35 28 26 29
    Other 30 32 32 32 32 30
    Total 1,552 1,514 1,305 1,598 1,468 1,427
    Imports            
    European Union 742 890 778 689 680 675
    United States 300 330 280 301 330 410
    Canada 98 91 97 90 85 85
    Japan 63 86 73 71 68 68
    China 57 49 40 55 55 55
    Russia 45 38 37 35 35 32
    Australia 32 32 32 32 32 32
    Other 53 47 54 47 48 48
    Total 1,391 1,563 1,391 1,320 1,332 1,404

     

    For 2007/08 and after, one metric ton of 65 degrees brix equals 344.8 gallons at 42 degrees brix and 1,392.6 gallons at single strength equivalent. One metric ton of 65 degrees brix equals 344.8 gallons at 42 degrees brix and 1,405.88 gallons at single strength equivalent for 2006/2007 and earlier.

     

    Split years refer to the harvest and marketing period, which corresponds roughly to October-September in the Northern Hemisphere.

    For the Southern Hemisphere, harvest occurs almost entirely during the second year shown and the harvest and marketing period begins in the second year shown:

    South Africa – February through January Australia – April through March

    Brazil – July through June

    Import and export totals may not equal due in part to different marketing years such as those listed above.

     

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 20 Mar
    CRANBERRY JUICE TRADE

    CRANBERRY JUICE TRADE

    Top 10 global exporters – Cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 62084 64371 N/A 46320 51890 55727
    Spain 4271 2738 3568 4445 18776 N/A
    Thailand 57726 53401 15564 17863 16014 14248
    Canada 9066 12596 13977 14576 15774 18247
    Bangladesh 235 980 N/A 728 13700 N/A
    Netherlands 9454 8094 8734 7550 10410 N/A
    Ireland 3401 3333 4080 4891 6593 6261
    Malaysia 0 6356 4588 5129 4595 2808
    Germany 7575 3733 3513 4170 4199 4696
    South Africa 93024 8488 2908 1895 2205 1578

    Note: Data based on cranberry juice commoddity code 200981 Cranberry juice, unfermented, whether or not containing added sugar or other
    sweetening matter (excluding containing spirit)
    Source: Fruit Juice Focus from customs data

     

    North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – Exports cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 62084 64371 56078* 46320 51890 55727
    Canada 9066 12596 13977 14576 15774 18247
    Mexico 196 253 255 238 318 465
    NAFTA total 71346 77220 70310 61134 67982 74439

    Note: Data based on cranberry juice commoddity code 200981 Cranberry juice, unfermented, whether or not containing added sugar or other
    sweetening matter (excluding containing spirit)
    *2014 data from USA based on average; Source: Fruit Juice Focus from customs data

    Top 10 global importers – Cranberry juice
    (tonnes/cubic metres) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
    USA 14693 14625 6788 15003 16508 16049
    UK 7959 8676 9219 11591 13642 9494
    Malaysia 0 7391 9645 8074 11427 12754
    Netherlands 15116 15169 16098 10419 8917 N/A
    Germany 11047 9276 6628 4973 6178 6420
    Portugal 4544 4760 5055 4563 5875 8239
    Qatar 0 0 275 3326 3454 N/A
    Oman 195 116 935 1942 3417 N/A
    Jamaica 0 0 412 2205 3250 N/A
    Ireland 4026 3062 2423 3175 3043 1963
    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 18 Jan
    Fruit juice consumption in the Russian Federation

    Fruit juice consumption in the Russian Federation

    Taking three of the most traded juices on the market (orange, apple and pineapple) in both the concentrate and not from concentrate sectors, Fruit Juice Focus analyses consumption in the Russian Federation for the 12 month period October to September over the past five years (2012 to 2017).

    FRUIT JUICE NOT FROM CONCENTRATE

    Consumption of imported fresh orange juice in the Russian Federation is low in comparison with many other countries and what consumption there is (see table 1) has been steadily on the decline over the past five years, although levels have flattened out since October 2015. There is a notable drop of 69% when comparing the 12 month period October 2016 to September 2017 with the same period 2013/14. The majority of the countries featured in the table have shown a similar drop in exports to the Russian Federation.

    Table 1. Russian Federation imports of orange juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Germany 481 459 305 416 426 2%
    Belarus 43 119 534 488 425 -13%
    Finland 325 327 170 157 133 -15%
    Belgium 287 253 114 109 103 -6%
    Armenia 223 226 168 106 100 -6%
    France 580 425 263 107 99 -7%
    Others 4724 4211 1031 572 599 5%
    WORLD TOTAL 6663 6020 2585 1955 1885 -4%

    Exceptions to this trend are Germany who has been a consistent exporter to the Russian Federation since the end of 2012 averaging 417 tonnes year on year and Belarus*, where the quantity of fresh orange juice has increased from the low volumes recorded four to five years ago to levels averaging 482 tonnes over the past three years.

    Both Spain and Israel have gone from being two of the largest exporters five years ago to substantially less in the last 12 months with volumes recorded down by 75% and 82% respectively. The Ukraine shows a complete cessation of exports by September 2014 from being the largest exporter to the Russian Federation. This reported to be due to the political situation between the two countries.

    Imports of fresh apple juice by the Russian Federation from countries worldwide are also on the decline following a similar trend to that shown in fresh orange juice above. The figures (see table 2) show that the 3809 tonnes imported in the most recent analysis is 43% down on the 6704 tonnes imported four years ago and 15% down on the year previous.

    Table 2. Russian Federation imports of apple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Belarus 119 216 709 1279 1856 45%
    Poland 776 752 418 322 419 30%
    Germany 359 369 246 279 298 7%
    Armenia 302 261 241 243 212 -13%
    Italy 130 155 117 126 152 20%
    Belgium 330 278 124 131 144 10%
    France 546 399 290 163 143 -12%
    Finland 352 243 155 80 99 23%
    OTHERS 4667 4029 569 682 486 -29%
    WORLD TOTAL 7581 6704 2870 3304 3809 15%

     

    Notable in the analysis is the substantial rise in imported fresh apple juice from Belarus* up 45% for the period ending September 2017 versus the same period 12 months before and a significant leap when comparing the 1856 tonnes exported by Belarus* to the Russian Federation compared with 119 tonnes for the period 2012-2013 – up 1559%.

    Poland was the largest exporter back five years ago – 776 tonnes – and is now only supplying just over half that amount at 419 tonnes occupying second place to Belarus* top spot. Germany in third place remains consistent in the annual quantities supplied with Armenia also showing consistent exports to the Russian Federation up until this past year where figures show a 13% drop against the previous period.

    Fresh pineapple juice consumption (see table 3) has been very stable during the past three 12 month periods analysed averaging just over 500 tonnes per year having dropped from a high of 923 tonnes five years ago. Germany again remains a regular supplier albeit at fairly low volumes, averaging 110 tonnes over the five years recorded and maintaining second spot to Belarus* who during the past year were exporting twice as much in terms of volume than Germany. The Netherlands have entered the picture this last year with a minimal amount of 56 tonnes up from zero in the three years prior to that. Both Finland and the Philippines were showing reasonable amounts of exports to the Russian Federation four to five years ago but have dropped away in the last two years to 21 and zero tonnes respectively.

    Table 3. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice NFC  (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Belarus 47 108 147 314 255 -19%
    Germany 121 139 87 105 100 -4%
    Netherlands 1 0 0 0 56
    Italy 24 48 20 18 33 83%
    Kazakhstan 6 5 5 31 22 -29%
    Finland 125 113 41 12 21 85%
    Thailand 30 11 10 11 20 91%
    France 29 26 8 0 15
    Armenia 67 53 25 9 11 17%
    Hungary 14 15 15 13 10 -20%
    Philippines 210 101 99 0 0
    Belgium 86 75 26 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 923 899 533 527 556 5%

     

    FRUIT JUICE CONCENTRATE

    As would be expected the Russian Federation imports most of its orange juice concentrate from Brazil – 75% in the most recent period recorded (see table 4) where imports from Brazil stood at 25123 tonnes out of the world total of 33714 tonnes. The Netherlands in the past have been one of the larger exporters to the Russian Federation peaking at 16304 tonnes (38%) of the total consumption back in the period October 2013 to September 2014 but even then, Brazil was way ahead supplying 50% of the total. The Netherlands have since then slipped back to 2989 tonnes for the last recorded period at just 9% of the total.

    Table 4. Russian Federation imports of orange juice from concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Brazil 26515 21534 27572 32199 25123 -22%
    Netherlands 7927 16304 5680 2746 2989 9%
    Italy 548 607 383 475 2637 456%
    Israel 2244 1607 1235 667 1389 108%
    Spain 0 134 548 525 844 61%
    Greece 576 296 0 63 228 264%
    Mexico 140 0 0 0 225
    Argentina 1 0 5 0 112
    Belarus 40 88 31 70 95 35%
    Belgium 5657 1799 711 112 28 -75%
    Germany 216 556 102 25 20 -20%
    Thailand 719 0 0 0 0
    Turkey 1 78 104 0 0
    Cuba 758 235 0 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 45426 43287 36387 36898 33714 -9%

    Italy has shown significant growth in exports over the past two years rising from a total of 475 tonnes for the period October 2015 to September 2016 up to a total of 2637 tonnes for the most recent period October 2016 to September 2017 – representing an increase of 456%. Similarly, Spain has jumped up the ranks to 5th place with a total of 844 tonnes supplied to the Russian Federation for the most recent period recorded – 61% up compared with the previous period.

    Israel has been a consistent supplier over the past five years despite a drop of nearly 50% two years ago and sits in fourth place in the current analysis with 1389 tonnes of orange juice concentrate supplied.

    Belgium has dropped from third place five years ago when it was exporting 5667 tonnes into the Russian Federation to an almost non-existent figure of 28 tonnes this past year.

    Apple juice concentrate is the most popular of the three fruit juices analysed in this issue of Fruit Juice Focus with the Russian Federation consuming 84919 tonnes of apple juice concentrate compared with 33714 tonnes of orange juice concentrate consumed during the period October 2016 to September 2017. In terms of suppliers of apple juice concentrate – China is way ahead, exporting 48256 tonnes to the Russian Federation during the above period which equates to 57% of the total supplied by all the countries listed (see table 5). The Russian Federation is consuming 13% less apple juice concentrate than it was two years ago where in the period October 2015 to September 2016 figures where at a five year high of 97193 tonnes of which 61734 tonnes (64%) were imported from China.

    Table 5. Russian Federation imports of apple juice from concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    China 39758 45009 38791 61734 48256 -22%
    Uzbekistan 5499 5160 2466 4602 11594 152%
    Poland 362 864 24891 10415 11551 11%
    Belarus 80 258 4295 5162 6149 19%
    Iran, Islamic Republic of 4437 4677 1506 3134 3007 -4%
    Moldova, Republic of 90 140 295 2832 2035 -28%
    Azerbaijan 119 58 0 1200 795 -34%
    Turkey 1 800 524 101 484 378%
    Austria 171 246 276 7529 369 -95%
    Netherlands 104 35 16 28 206 626%
    Czech Republic 0 0 0 0 161
    Germany 333 277 229 154 127 -17%
    Israel 243 219 112 101 62 -39%
    Italy 76 44 70 56 57 2%
    Ukraine 33971 21389 0 0 0
    Hungary 0 0 4047 0 0
    WORLD TOTAL 85613 79214 77765 97193 84919 -13%

     

    Uzbekistan has climbed up to second place in the current exporter rankings with 11594 tonnes being shipped to the Russian Federation in the most recent period – up from their previous total of 4602 tonnes. Imports from Poland, who sit in third place, have fluctuated quite considerably in the past five years flattening out at 11551 tonnes in the most recent period – up 11% on the period before.

    Belarus* has also risen up the ranks of suppliers in recent years exporting 6149 tonnes in the most recent period against a figure of just 80 tonnes five years ago.

    The Ukraine – once a significant player five years ago has stopped exporting to The Russian Federation in the past three years reportedly due to the political climate.

    Consumption of pineapple juice concentrate has dropped from 11862 tonnes for the period recorded five years ago to 3934 tonnes this last period analysed – a decline of 67% (see table 6). But there has been a 21% upturn this past recorded 12 months of 21% compared with the previous 12 months – albeit from a much smaller base. The Netherlands export the largest amount of pineapple juice concentrate into the Russian Federation – just over 50% – and has been the top supplier consistently during the past five years.

    Table 6. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)

    Table 6. Russian Federation imports of pineapple juice concentrate  (tonnes)
    Exporters October 2012 – September 2013 October 2013 – September 2014 October 2014 -September 2015 October 2015 -September 2016 October 2016 -September 2017 % variance  2016/2017 versus 2015/2016
    Netherlands 6211 6544 4094 2145 2000 -7%
    Thailand 3130 1834 1888 122 768 529%
    South Africa 1524 531 247 229 515 125%
    Israel 518 86 198 292 242 -17%
    China 0 40 440 280 200 -29%
    Brazil 0 21 26 66 69 5%
    Italy 51 64 58 61 56 -8%
    Belarus 14 11 8 17 43 151%
    WORLD TOTAL 11862 9644 7097 3242 3934 21%

    Imports from Thailand have dropped away in recent years to just 768 tonnes compared with 3130 tonnes five years ago. Similarly, South African imports have dropped from 1524 tonnes to 515 tonnes for the same period

    Source: Fruit Juice Focus from trade statistics

    *Footnote: The Russian Federation’s foreign trade customs statistics exclude trade with the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 18 Jan
    Crop round-up

    Crop round-up

    USDA data – Brazil – Orange

    The commercial area in the state of São Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should account for 320 million boxes (13.06 million tonnes), a decrease of 19% compared with 2016/17

    Total Brazilian FCOJ production (65 brix equivalent) for 2017/18 is projected at 1.15 million tonnes, a 16% drop compared with the previous year. The São Paulo industry is expected to process 278 million boxes of oranges for orange juice production, 208 million boxes for FCOJ and 70 million boxes for NFC production, accounting for 1.052 million tonnes of juice (780 000 tonnes and 272 000 tonnes of FCOJ and NFC respectively).

    Total Brazilian FCOJ exports for 2017/18 are projected at 1.137 million tonnes, a decrease of 9% on the previous year. The São Paulo industry should contribute 1.082 million tonnes.

    Inventory levels for 2017/18 are projected at 60 000 tonnes (FCOJ equivalent) down 25 000 tonnes from 2016/17.

    USDA stock figures only include juice in the storage tanks of the facilities (processing plants, port terminals etc…) in Brazil. They do not include stocks owned by Brazilian companies abroad, e.g., in transit and port terminals in the US, Europe and Japan.

    According to the Brazilian Association of Citrus Exporters (CitrusBR), global Brazilian orange juice inventories were 107 387 tonnes (66 Brix) on 30 June 2017, which includes 6 872 tonnes of orange juice in storage tanks (processing plants, port terminals, etc…) in Brazil. CitrusBr projects global orange juice inventories on 30 June 2018 at 207 565 tonnes. CitrusBr global inventories include orange juice in storage tanks at processing plants and port terminals in Brazil and stocks abroad (vessels and port facilities worldwide).

    BRAZIL ORANGE JUICE
    ORANGE JUICE (65 brix equivalent) Tonnes
    Season 2016/17 2017/18 2018/19
    Beginning stocks 147 000 6 000 85 000
    Production 859 000 1 372 000 1 152 000
    Exports 962 000 1 255 000 1 137 000
    Dom. consumption 35 000 38 000 40 000
    Ending stocks 6 000 85 000 60 000
    Total distribution 1 006 000 1 378 000 1 237 000
    Source: USDA

     

    USDA data – Poland – Apple

    Poland’s 2017/18 apple crop is estimated at 2.8 million tonnes, a 20% decrease from last year.

    The USDA estimates that Polish processors will use 1.4 million tonnes of fresh domestically grown apples in 2017/18, a decline from 1.8 million tonnes in 2016/17. Almost 50% of domestic apples are processed, mostly into concentrated apple juice. Except for apple juice concentrate, Polish processing capacity remains relatively low.

    Poland is the EU’s largest producer and exporter of apple juice and apple juice concentrate (AJC). In 2016/17, production reached 300 000 tonnes. The smaller crop in 2017/18 is expected to lead to a 27% decrease in AJC production from the previous year. Output will depend on the quality of apples on the market in the second half of 2017/18 (July to June marketing year).

    The USDA forecasts that the export opportunities for Polish apple processors in 2017/18 are lower. Higher input costs will increase apple juice prices and this is coupled with strong competition from China. AJC exports in 2017/18 are expected to reach 224 000 tonnes, a 20% decline from the year before. In 2016/17 Poland exported 279 000 tonnes of AJC. The main export destinations are Germany and other EU member states. The main non-EU export markets are the US and Russia.

    Exports of AJC to the US and Russia in 2017/18 are expected to decline due to strong price competition from China. In 2016/17 Poland exported 12 000 tonnes of AJC to the US and the same amount was shipped to Russia.

    In recent years, Poland has imported small amounts of AJC from other countries, mostly from the Ukraine and Moldova to blend with local supplies. In 2016/17, Poland imported 54 000 tonnes of AJC. According to industry sources, imported Chinese AJC would be able to compensate for the domestic supply shortages in 2017/18.

    POLAND – apple juice 2017/18 (USDA)
    (Tonnes) 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18*
    Apples for fresh domestic market 650,000 700,000 600,000
    Apples for processing 1,397,780 1,751,400 1,416,900
    Apple concentrate production 305,000 300,000 220000**
    * Estimate
    ** Including imported AJC mixed with apple juice produced from locally grown apples
    Source:USDA
    Poland – Apple concentrate exports (year ending June)
    (Tonnes) Commodity code 200979 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Germany 145000 147000 117000
    Netherlands 26000 23000 26000
    UK 26000 27000 26000
    Austria 15000 18000 24000
    USA 31000 3000 12000
    Russia 21000 9000 12000
    France 6000 8000 10000
    Others 42000 35000 52000
    World total 312000 270000 279000

     

    USDA data – Europe – Orange

    Total EU orange production in 2017/18 is expected to fall 7.7% to 6.2 million tonnes, of which 1.3 million will go for processing, says the USDA. Spanish orange production is predicted to fall 11% to 3.2 million tonnes.

    EU orange juice production is forecast to fall 11% to 102 000 tonnes.

    EU orange juice imports in 2016/17 were 682 000 tonnes, of which 90% were from Brazil.

     

     

    USDA data – China – Orange

    2017/18 orange production is forecast at 7.3 million tonnes, up 4% from the previous year due to favourable weather and a diminished impact from citrus greening.

    Orange juice production in 2017/18 (October-September) is forecast at 43 800 tonnes, down slightly from the 2016/17 estimate of 44 500 tonnes. Industry reports that consumer demand for ‘not from concentrate’ (NFC) juice is growing and Chinese processors can now sell high-quality NFC juice at over twice the price of ‘from concentrate’ (FC) juice. Industry contacts also report that production of FC juice continues to slowly decline as consumer demand weakens. Major Chinese orange juice processors are located in Chongqing and Sichuan provinces.

    Orange juice domestic consumption is forecast at 96 200 tonnes, almost unchanged from the 2016/17 estimate. The USDA has increased consumption estimates by more than 30% due to reports from retailers that while demand for FC juice remains weak, consumption of NFC juice was unexpectedly strong, especially in top-tier cities as cold-chain infrastructure, marketing efforts and disposable incomes expand.

    Orange juice imports in 2017/18 are projected at 55 000 tonnes, unchanged on the previous year. Based on Chinese Customs data, 2016/17 import estimations were increased significantly due to unexpectedly strong import demand from Chinese processors opting to import ingredients for juicing as opposed to utilizing domestic oranges which have increased in price. Orange juice exports in 2017/18 are forecast at 2 600 tonnes

     

    USDA data – South Africa – Orange

    The production of oranges in the 2017/18 is forecast to increase by 2% to 1.43 million tonnes, from 1.40 million tonnes in 2016/17.

    The production of orange juice is forecast to increase by 18% to 26 000 tonnes in 2017/18, from 22 000 tonnes in 2016/17. This is due to the increase in the quantity of fresh oranges delivered for processing and the higher juice extraction achieved as a result of the better quality of oranges.

    The domestic consumption of orange juice is forecast to increase by 3% to 6 400 tonnes in 2017/18, from 6 200 tonnes in 2016/17, based on the increase in production and supply availability. The relatively high food price inflation has resulted in restricted growth in the domestic consumption of fresh fruit juices especially the one hundred percent fruit juice, and the shift in demand to orange juice concentrates.

    Exports of orange juice in 2017/18 will increase by about 6% to 25 500 tonnes, from 24 000 tonnes in the 2016/17, based on the available supply and increase in production.

    Producers in South Africa prefer to export fresh oranges rather than to sell to processors as export prices are eight times higher than prices achieved from processors. Netherlands, Botswana, Mozambique, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe are the biggest markets for South African orange juice exports.

     

    USDA data – Australia – Orange

    Production of fresh oranges is forecast at 480 000 tonnes in 2017/18, the same as the previous year, assuming average seasonal conditions.

    The USDA forecasts 60 000 tonnes of fresh oranges will be processed into juice for 2017/18. Total orange juice production is forecast to remain at 7 000 tonnes in 2017/18.

    In 2017, the national shortage of Navel oranges for fresh juice production led a number of processors to import orange juice concentrate for mixing with available fresh juice. Some processors used labels on juice bottles to advise consumers on the use of concentrate. In mid-2018, Australia will introduce stricter country-of-origin labelling to all products, which will make it mandatory to label fruit juice made from either local or imported juice.

    Growers have traditionally entered into 3-year contracts with juice processors for juice supplies, although shorter term contracts have been more common in recent years. Lower domestic prices offered by juice processors have encouraged farmers to switch to growing more profitable varieties such as Navel oranges and mandarins; away from Valencia oranges. This trend has resulted in smaller supplies for Valencia oranges, which is now impacting juice processors. In 2017, higher international demand for Valencia oranges has further reduced supplies for processing orange juice.

    Orange juice consumption has fallen over the last decade from 49 000 tonnes in 2005/06 to 41 000 tonnes in 2012/13. The USDA expects a further decrease to 38 000 tonnes for 2017/18.

    Per capita annual consumption of citrus fruit has declined over the last five years due to competition from other beverages such as iced tea and sports drinks. Health concerns are also driving consumers to move away from drinks with higher sugar content and imported concentrates.

    Orange and apple juice are the most popular products on the Australian juice market, but many new competitive products have been introduced such as fruit and vegetable juice combinations, organic juice varieties, cold pressed juice, coconut water, and mixtures with other beverages. Valencia oranges are harvested in winter, but are mainly consumed as juice in the summer, thus, some processors have used six various storage systems for juice, apart from freezing. Juice can be pasteurized and stored juice in 1,000-litre bladders at low temperatures to maintain juice supplies over the year.

    Australia exports small quantities of orange juice – exports in 2017/18 are estimated at just 500 tonnes, which was revised down from 600 tonnes in 2016/17. Processors import orange juice and concentrate to meet overall domestic demand.

    Imports of orange juice concentrate are expected to remain stable at 31 500 tonnes in 2017/18. Brazil is the main supplier of frozen orange juice concentrate (FCOJ).

     

    USDA data – Morocco – Orange

    Morocco’s orange production for 2017/18 at 935 000 tonnes, a decline of 10% over 2016/17.

    Orange juice production in 2017/18 at 35,000 tonnes, 43% lower than 2016/17 due to less availability for processing.

    Orange juice exports for 2017/17 are expected to be lower at 3 000 tonnes and imports are projected to be higher at 3 100 tonnes. Morocco began exporting volumes of single-strength orange juice in 2016/17 to the Netherlands and France.

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 16 Nov
    USA – Fruit Juice Imports

    USA – Fruit Juice Imports

    In spite of continued reports of slow retail consumption for 100% juices in the USA, particularly for orange juice, research by Fruit Juice Focus has shown that total juice imports have grown over the past year. While this could be due in part to lower domestic production, it is promising nonetheless and could herald the end to the long-standing decline in uptake.

    Fruit juice concentrate

    Table 1. US imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 939961 974027 4%
    Leading exporters to US
    Mexico 451225 522712 16%
    Brazil 324121 312104 -4%
    Costa Rica 109710 87755 -20%
    Belize 35248 18293 -48%
    Canada 12908 10536 -18%
    Spain 22 5883
    Total US imports from the above countries 933235 957284 3%
    % of world total 99% 98%

    Table 1 – US imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ). The US imports the vast majority of its orange juice concentrate from just three countries, Mexico, Brazil and Costa Rica. Mexico has made significant advances in export volumes year on year with a 16% increase from 451225 tonnes during the period October 2015 to September 2016 up to 522712 tonnes for the corresponding period ending October 2016 to September 2017.

    Conversely Costa Rica has seen a 20% downturn in trade with the US during the same period from 109710 tonnes to 87755 tonnes. Brazil’s market share remains fairly stable at just 4% down.

    Smaller exporters to the US have also shown a reduction in their exports to the US with Belize down 48% for the period and Canada down 18%. Spain has entered the market but the volume of 5883 tonnes is too insignificant to allow any meaningful projections as to whether they will increase volumes in the future.

    As a group the countries shown in this table, which account for almost all exports to the US, have increased their export volumes of FCOJ by 3% which is in line with global exports as a whole which have increased by 4%.

    Table 2 – US imports of Apple juice concentrate (AJC). This data has been retracted (The Editor)

    Table 3. US imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
         
    World 173796 155188 -11%
    Leading exporters to US
    Thailand 67863 54847 -19%
    Philippines 42649 47054 10%
    Costa Rica 31442 26010 -17%
    Indonesia 20569 18085 -12%
    Total US imports from the above countries 162523 145997 -10%
    % of world total 94% 94%

    Table 3 – US imports of pineapple juice concentrate.  Global exports of pineapple juice concentrate have been falling and are down 11% year on year for the period analysed. This downturn is reflected in all the countries in the table bar one – the Philippines which bucked the trend with an increase of 10% up to 47054 tonnes. Of the remaining countries Thailand and Costa Rica suffered 19% and 17% falls respectively and Indonesia a 12% drop.

    Fruit juice not-from-concentrate

    Table 4. US imports of orange juice not-from-concentrate (NFC OJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 301881 415644 38%
    Brazil 225271 294927 31%
    Mexico 74810 114208 53%
    Canada 264 3499 1226%
    Spain 743 1657 123%
    Total US imports from the above countries 301087 414291 38%
    % of world total 100% 100%

    Table 4 – US imports of orange juice not-from-concentrate (NFC OJ). Brazil, as would be expected is responsible for the majority of fresh orange juice imported into the US and continues to grow with an increase of 31% year on year from 225271 to 294927 tonnes. Mexico, with less than half Brazil’s volumes remains the only other significant player in this market having increased theirs by 53% year on year. Globally, exports of fresh orange juice to the US have shown a significant increase during the period – up by 38%.

    Table 5. US imports of apple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 12354 13064 6%
    Canada 7888 8143 3%
    China 719 1068 49%
    Germany 686 872 27%
    Mexico 1057 815 -23%
    Total US imports from the above countries 10349 10898 5%
    % of world total 84% 83%

    Table 5 – US imports of apple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC).  The US imports most of its supplies of apple juice NFC from Canada, receiving 13064 tonnes for the period October 2016 to September 2017. This is nearly eight times the amount shipped into the US from its nearest competitor China. The other two exporting countries in the table, Germany and Mexico have been included to demonstrate the market dominance of Canada and as can be seen constitute a very small amount of the volumes traded.

    Table 6. US imports of pineapple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC) tonnes
    Exporters Oct 15 to Sept 16 Oct 16 to Sept 17 % variance
    World 71190 95617 34%
    Leading exporters to US
    Costa Rica 40180 41147 2%
    Philippines 15367 29941 95%
    Guatemala 1088 8470 679%
    Indonesia 5409 6210 15%
    Honduras 1764 4148 135%
    Thailand 4486 2764 -38%
    Mexico 1222 2189 79%
    Total US imports from the above countries 69517 94869 36%
    % of world total 98% 99%

    Table 6 – US imports of pineapple juice not-from-concentrate (NFC).  Global exports to the US have risen threefold from 71190 to 95617 tonnes for the period October 2016 to September 2017 compared to the same period in the previous twelve months. With the exception of Thailand – who dropped by 38% – all the countries listed in the table have shown an increase in exports to the US for the period. In volume terms the Philippines made the most significant jump, up 95% year on year from 15637 tonnes to 29941 tonnes, closing the gap on Costa Rica who is the major player in fresh pineapple juice (NFC) exports.

    Table 7. US various juice imports (tonnes)
    Oct-Sept 2016 Oct-Sept 2017
    FCOJ 939961 974027
    AJC 1897843 1931254
    PINEAPPLE CONC. 173796 155188
    NFC OJ 301881 415644
    APPLE NFC 12354 13064
    PINEAPPLE NFC 71190 95617
    TOTAL ALL JUICES 3397025 3584794

    Source: Customs trade data.

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 16 Nov
    The Australian Fruit Juice Market

    The Australian Fruit Juice Market

    It is evident that there have been some problems over the past couple of years due to a lack of Valencia fruits, the shortages have been attributed to a combination of short crops and higher than usual demand from the Asian fresh market and this has resulted in higher prices of fruit and left insufficient supplies for the processors.

    Fruit Juice Australia comments that production has been in steady decline for the past two years and forecasts for the 2017-18 crop indicate a further 5% reduction in the Valencia supply, with the total crop predicted to fall from 262 000 tonnes last season to 250 000 tonnes this season. They expect this supply shortfall combined with industry growth will mean demand will increase significantly into the future.

    Recent conversations with Australian processors agreed that there is still an acute shortage of Valencia fruit for the processing sector and that this will continue for many years into the future while the industry responds by planting more trees. Producers add that rising material cost prices for juice processors over the past twelve months is not a short-term problem resulting in them having to pass these costs in part on to consumers.

    Historically Australia has not experienced the need to import not from concentrate (NFC) juice due to plentiful supplies at home. But the poor fruit supply recently has created the need for much higher imports in 2017 (refer to graph 1)  with imports of nearly 2 million litres in May 2017 versus almost zero at the same point in the previous year. Australian imports of FCOJ amount to around 30 000 tonnes per year.

    Orange juice consumption

    Data on Australian orange juice consumption is notoriously difficult to obtain but figures received indicate that sales of juice from concentrate far outstrip sales of NFC (refer to graph 2) but reconstituted juice sales have declined by 27% over the past decade while NFC uptake has declined by 8% over the same period. NFC uptake is expected to remain strong for the rest of 2017. (see graph 3)

    The fresh chilled market within Australian grocery has returned to growth, performing strongly with a compounded annual growth rate of 10.9% in value and 5.4% in volume in the first half of the year. Looking at chilled versus ambient the figures for moving annual domestic sales show chilled AUD551m ahead of ambient AUD447m. Research shows that Supermarkets are the most common place to buy packaged fruit juice in an average four-week period (5.1 million Australians purchase fruit juice at Supermarkets). Between June 2016 and August 2017, 6.6 million Australians reported drinking packaged fruit juice in any given seven days – up 25% from the year before which compared to other regions globally is a huge proportion of the population.  Golden Circle tops the table of the most widely consumed juices in any given week with supermarket own brands in second place and Berri and Daily Juice third and fourth respectively.

    Taking an overview of the market the supply of FCOJ is not going to be a problem next season and pricing out of Brazil is predicted to remain stable in the medium term. The problems in Florida could mean higher volumes in fruit crush to NFC this season to meet the demands of the US market which is not necessarily good news for the Australian market – given the stable demand for NFC juice, another lacklustre Valencia crop and continued strong fresh fruit exports to Asia. Nevertheless, Australian consumers seem to be willing to pay for fresh premium juice so the answer could lay in increasing imports and raising prices at the retail level.

    Sources: Global Data, Fruit Juice Australia, Roy Morgan Research

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 19 Sep
    CHINA – FRUIT JUICE MARKET

    CHINA – FRUIT JUICE MARKET

    The Chinese fruit juice export market is dominated by the apple juice industry. The country’s capacity to produce apple juice concentrate (AJC) far outstrips demand and it has taken a long time for the industry to find a balance. Production of AJC in China is estimated at around 550 000 tonnes per year and the main export market is the USA.  

    The moderate climate of the growing regions in China coupled with the variety of apples that are suitable for this climate means that China produces low acid or sweet apple concentrate. Apple growing regions further south or north, such as Argentina and Poland are able to produce higher acid supplies, which often commands higher prices.  

    There has been talk of China emerging as a global supplier of orange concentrate in the past, but so far, this has not materialised.  

    It must also be pointed out that domestic uptake of juice in China is increasing every year.  

    EXPORTS 

    Table 1. Chinese exports of apple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Importers 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 586619 597838 455800 473829 506358 7%
    Leading importers
    United States of America 292880 318749 216091 240108 256940 7%
    Russian Federation 54702 49080 57031 35925 50700 41%
    Japan 62896 68236 59167 60854 49237 -19%
    South Africa 19532 33625 25561 16086 37957 136%
    Canada 50438 32750 22359 23131 24262 5%
    Australia 26170 26625 25407 25400 23814 -6%
    Germany 19649 8878 2594 16664 7121 -57%
    India 5717 5020 4966 4835 6094 26%
    Turkey 7023 2530 3409 11273 5165 -54%
    Saudi Arabia 3207 4139 4445 3916 4494 15%
    Total Chinese exports to the above countries 542214 549632 421030 438192 465784 6%
    % of world total 92% 92% 92% 92% 92%

    Table 1. Apple juice concentrate (AJC). With imports averaging 50% of the world total over the past five years, the USA is by far the biggest consumer AJC exported by China. In fact the USA imports by volume total more than the other nine countries featured in this table combined.  Russia and Japan are a distant second and third in the table with around 20% of the USA’s total with Russia showing consistent consumption volumes for the period 2012 to 2016 and Japan recording a 21% drop for the same period. Exports to South Africa standing at 37597 tonnes in 2016 have increased markedly in the last two years (2014 to 2015) even improving on the volumes reported in 2013 of 32750 tonnes. Canada, Australia and Saudi Arabia have been consistent consumers over the past three years (2014 to 2016) with Germany and Turkey showing notable fluctuations over the same period. Chinese exports of AJC during the period recorded in the table have declined by approximately 13% with the countries listed importing 91% of these exports in 2016. 

    Table 2. China – various juice exports
    (tonnes) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    Pineapple juice concentrate 1466 771 1766 10251 8152 -20%
    Orange juice concentrate 4408 4202 3512 3701 2990 -19%
    Apple juice NFC 5014 3652 2789 1130 1032 -9%
    Orange juice NFC 1366 1008 1085 786 990 26%

    IMPORTS 

    Not-from-concentrate (NFC) imports 

    Table 3. Chinese imports of orange juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 2042 3663 5561 6807 9911 46%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 373 1086 2046 2104 4167 98%
    Spain 29 481 1094 792 957 21%
    United Kingdom 21 23 46 218 894 310%
    Thailand 248 381 380 520 805 55%
    Greece 0 8 153 422 576 36%
    United States of America 538 520 469 445 468 5%
    Italy 61 117 171 309 449 45%
    Austria 64 121 121 174 181 4%
    Australia 286 242 167 172 147 -15%
    Mexico 43 87 129 120 145 21%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 1663 3066 4776 5276 8789 67%
    % of world total 81% 84% 86% 78% 89%

    Table 3China imports of fresh orange juice (NFC). Cyprus has been the largest exporter of fresh orange juice to China in recent years supplying over 40% of the countries imports in 2016 alone. In 2016 Cyprus reported record exports to China practically double the volumes supplied in 2015. Year on year 2016 versus 2015, all countries in this table showed an increase in exports to China with the exception of Australia who were down 15%. Notable increases include the United Kingdom (UK) which has shown a major uplift in volume shipped to China of 310% for the period. Spain, as would be expected, has been the second largest supplier for the last three years providing 20%, 12% and 11% of the total world exports or fresh orange juice to China in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. The countries listed in the table provided 89% of China’s imports during 2016. China’s consumption of imported fresh orange juice has increased by 46% in 2016 against 2015 and a massive 385% up on 2012, that’s 9911 tonnes up from 2042 tonnes.  

    Table 4. Chinese imports of apple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 960 1609 2494 4539 5363 18%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 206 494 928 1584 2443 54%
    United Kingdom 11 14 38 96 595 520%
    Greece 0 1 99 159 308 94%
    Spain 20 45 89 143 256 79%
    Germany 54 60 89 263 201 -24%
    Thailand 49 79 222 218 168 -23%
    United States of America 154 272 250 299 145 -52%
    Italy 18 34 71 209 131 -37%
    Australia 180 99 92 108 112 4%
    Japan 8 28 27 31 93 200%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 700 1126 1905 3110 4452 43%
    % of world total 73% 70% 76% 69% 83%

    Table 4China imports of fresh apple juice (NFC). As with fresh orange juice reported in table 3, Cyprus by far the biggest exporter of fresh apple juice to the Chinese market with a 46% share of the world’s exports to China. The Mediterranean producer’s exports have increased substantially year on year from just 206 tonnes in 2012 to 1584 tonnes in 2015 with a further jump of 54% in 2016 to 2443 tonnes. China’s imports of fresh apple juice from the UK also increased by a significant 94% in 2016 up by 499 tonnes against the 2015 figure of 96 tonnes. Greece and Spain continue to grow their exports into this market with increases of 94% and 79% respectively – 2016 versus 2015. China’s Imports of fresh apple juice from countries worldwide has been steadily increasing with 2016 volumes up 458% against 2012 and up 18% against 2015. The leading exporters to China listed in table 4 constitute 83% of the worlds trade with China.  

    Table 5. Chinese imports of pineapple juice not from concentrate (NFC) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 605 1399 1785 2647 3528 33%
    Leading exporters to China
    Cyprus 183 637 1105 1514 2496 65%
    United Kingdom 0 0 11 72 251 249%
    Thailand 175 215 180 223 246 10%
    Costa Rica 0 0 0 29 146 403%
    Italy 16 75 96 154 124 -19%
    Greece 0 6 80 183 72 -61%
    Spain 1 8 53 143 47 -67%
    France 1 9 5 40 28 -30%
    Egypt 0 0 7 21 17 -19%
    Germany 1 12 20 22 15 -32%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 377 962 1557 2401 3442 43%
    % of world total 62% 69% 87% 91% 98%

    Table 5China imports of fresh pineapple juice (NFC).  In a very similar pattern to the trade in exports of fresh orange and apple juice to China, Cyprus is the country with the largest volumes of exports of fresh pineapple juice to China during the last five years, with an especially notable increase of 65% in 2016 against 2015.The combined volumes of the remaining nine countries listed here barely make up 38% of the Cypriot total of 2496 tonnes leaving Cyprus by far the biggest trader with China in fresh pineapple juice. The other most consistent exporter to China over the past five years has been Thailand in third place to the UK’s second who have entered the market from a very low base to record volumes of 251 tonnes of exports in 2015, up 249% on the previous year. Similarly, Costa Rica entered the market for China’s fresh pineapple juice imports in a big way in 2016 selling 146 tonnes against 29 tonnes the previous year and Italy remained a regular supplier of volumes averaging 124 tonnes over the three years 2014 to 2016. World trade with China has been on the increase from a low base of 605 tonnes in 2012 rising to 2647 tonnes in 2015 stepping up by 33% in 2016 to 2496 tonnes. The leading exporters featured in this table in 2016 were involved in 98% of the worlds trade with China in fresh pineapple juice. 

     Juice concentrate imports  

    Table 6. Chinese imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 % variance 2016 versus 2015
    World 55852 58995 52806 45565 45874 1%
    Leading exporters to China      
    Brazil 41241 34528 37217 32351 35312 9%
    Israel 11121 19136 9015 9493 9067 -4%
    Netherlands 587 587 522 610 683 12%
    Hong Kong, China 36 46 211 380 258 -32%
    Cyprus 6 5 282 530 159 -70%
    Spain 0 120 96 426 152 -64%
    Mexico 303 1130 3733 705 51 -93%
    Greece 46 114 137 0 42
    Italy 233 172 193 0 4
    Costa Rica 906 1969 422 199 0 -100%
    United States of America 1319 1137 759 654 0 -100%
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 55798 58944 52587 45348 45728 1%
    % of world total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

    Table 6. China imports of orange juice concentrate (FCOJ). China imports the vast majority of its orange juice concentrate (FCOJ) from Brazil – 77% in 2016. The only other country that comes close to this is Israel with 19% for the same period. And even than Brazil exports nearly four times the volume to China than Israel. Of the remaining countries that are or have been exporting FCOJ into China in the past five years the Netherlands has remained one of the most consistent averaging 597 tonnes per year. China has ceased or greatly reduced imports of FCOJ from three countries that were at one time supplying reasonable volumes – these being Mexico who reached a peak in 2014 of 3733 tonnes, Costa Rica who peaked at 1969 tonnes in 2013 and the USA. 

    Table 7. Chinese imports of pineapple juice concentrate (tonnes)
    Exporters 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
             
    World 929 3314 1534 682 640
    Leading exporters to China
    Thailand 496 1059 732 408 510
    Israel 0 0 0 1 39
    Costa Rica 19 0 37 69 25
    Indonesia 309 1633 684 155 22
    Taipei, Chinese 0 4 0 9 22
    Bulgaria 0 0 0 0 10
    United States of America 7 12 3 0 5
    Greece 0 0 0 0 3
    Philippines 25 596 58 0 2
    Spain 0 0 1 23 1
    Total Chinese imports from the above countries 856 3304 1515 665 639
    % of world total 92% 100% 99% 98% 100%

    Table 7. Imports of pineapple juice concentrate into China.  Thailand supplies 80% of China’s consumption of imported pineapple juice concentrate with 510 tonnes in 2016 and 408 tonnes in 2015. Indonesia was the only other significant player in the market when during the period 2012 to 2014 when they were shipping between 309 tonnes and 1633 tonnes at the high point in 2013. This has subsequently dropped away almost completely to just 22 tonnes in 2016. 100% of the worlds exports to China for pineapple juice concentrate are from the countries listed in table 7. 

    Table 9. China various juice imports (tonnes)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    FCOJ 55852 58995 52806 45565 45874
    NFC OJ 2042 3663 5561 6807 9911
    APPLE NFC 960 1609 2494 4539 5363
    APPLE CONC. 74 160 253 231 237
    PINEAPPLE CONC. 929 3314 1534 682 640

    Source: Customs trade data

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 19 Sep
    Fruit juice sector market reports and research

    Fruit juice sector market reports and research

    A SYNOPSIS OF RECENTLY PUBLISHED AND FORTHCOMING FRUIT JUICE INDUSTRY MARKET REPORTS, BOOKS AND RESEARCH.

     

    Juice Concentrate Market Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 – 2025

    According to this recently published market report published by Transparency Market Research, the global juice concentrate market was valued in terms of revenue at USD 89.56 billion in 2016 and is anticipated to reach USD 117.89 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 3.4% from 2017 to 2025.

    In the report, the global juice concentrate market has been segmented into fruit juice concentrate and vegetable juice concentrate and then further segmented to include clear concentrate, frozen concentrate and powdered concentrate. The distribution channels are reviewed and split by online and offline, with the offline distribution channel segmented into supermarkets and hypermarkets, department stores and others. The report also looks at the market based on applications for juice concentrate such as beverages, soups and sauces, dairy products, bakery products, confectionery products and others. Geographically, regions that are considered in the study include Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. This market has been tracked on the basis of revenue where data is provided in USD billion along with the respective CAGR both on global as well as regional basis for the forecast period of 2017-2025.

    Leading players in the global Juice concentrate market featured in the report include Archer Daniels Midland Co. (U.S.), Ingredion Incorporated (U.S.), Dohler Company (Germany), SkyPeople Fruit Juice Inc. (China), AGRANA Group (Austria), Diana Food (France), Sunopta Inc. (Canda), SVZ International B.V. (Netherlands), Kanegrade Limited (UK) and The Ciatti Company (U.S.) among others.

    Publisher: Transparency Market Research

    www.transparencymarketresearch.com/juice-concentrates-market

    Publication date: July 2017

     

    Global Fruit Juice and Vegetable Juice Industry 2017 Market Research Report

    This report looks at the value of the global fruit juice and vegetable juice market in 2016, projects what it is expected to reach by the end of 2022 and assesses the CAGR growth rate % between 2016 and 2022. Segmented into several key geographical regions the report covers production, consumption, revenue (million USD), market share and the growth rate of fruit juice and vegetable juice in these regions during the period from 2012 to 2022 (forecast). These regions are North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

    The report analyses competition across the top manufacturers looking at production, price, revenue (value) and market share for each manufacturer split into natural fruit juices and concentrated juice. The manufacturers featured include Pepsi Co, Del Monte Foods Corporation, The Coca- Cola Company, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Welch Foods and Mott, Nestle.

    This report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate of fruit juice and vegetable juice for each application, including on-line sales, supermarket sales, and retails sales.

    Publisher: QYR Food & Beverages Research Center     www.qyresearchglobal.com

    Publication date: September 2017

     

    Juice Packaging Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2016 – 2024

    Juice packaging is intended to provide support, protection from external environmental elements and tamper resistance and is the most competitive segment in the global beverage packing industry and as a result of the emerging consumption of vegetable and fruit juice, the worldwide market for juice packaging is probably going to witness strong growth in future. The key trend prevailing in this market is the increased application of sustainable packaging with the upsurge in the juice packaging using biomaterials and environment friendly products which is likely to create many opportunities. Likewise, innovations concerning next generation packaging along with increased preference for pure juices other than preservative juices will add to the demand for the juice packaging.

    The report looks at the market on the basis of packaging type, technology type, opening type and geography. Packaging type is segmented into flexible and rigid juice packaging with flexible juice packaging split into stand up pouch and Bag-In-Box (BIB) packaging and rigid juice packaging sectioned into cartons, cans and bottles. The report then looks at the aseptic filling, hot filling and blow-fill-sealing processes. Further analysis looks at opening type such as lid type, straw hole opening and clip opening. Geographically, the research covers the Middle-East and Africa (MEA), North America, Asia Pacific (APAC), Europe and Latin America.

    Publisher: Transparency Market Research

    www.transparencymarketresearch.com/juice-packaging-market

    Publication date: Autumn 2017

     

    Fruit Juices

    Fruits Juices is the first and only comprehensive resource to look at the full scope of fruit juices from a scientific perspective. The book focuses not only on the traditional ways to extract and preserve juices, but also the latest novel processes that can be exploited industrially, how concentrations of key components alter the product, and methods for analysis for both safety and consumer acceptability. Written by a team of global experts, this book provides important insights for professionals in industrial and academic research as well as in production facilities.

    Publisher: Elsevier Science and Technology    Publication Date: October 2017

     

    China: Fruit And Vegetable Juices – Market Report – Analysis and Forecast to 2025

    The report provides an in-depth analysis of the fruit and vegetable juice market in China. It presents the latest data of the market size and volume, exports and imports, price dynamics and turnover in the industry. The report shows the sales data, allowing you to identify the key drivers and restraints. You can find here a strategic analysis of key factors influencing the market. Forecasts illustrate how the market will be transformed in the medium term. Report coverage includes:Fruit and vegetable juice market size and value in China; Volume and dynamics of fruit and vegetable juice production in China; Volume and dynamics of exports/imports; Producer prices, import/export prices for fruit and vegetable juice; Fruit and vegetable juice market trends, drivers and restraints; Forecast of the market dynamics in the medium term; Per capita consumption of fruit and vegetable juice in China

    Publisher:  IndexBox Marketing Ltd.       www.indexbox.co.uk    Publication date:  September 2017

     

    Global Cold Pressed Juices Market 2017-2021

    Cold-pressed juices are juices that are extracted from fruits and vegetables using a hydraulic press instead of a centrifugal press. Cold-pressed juices contain more vitamins, minerals, and enzymes than juices extracted using a centrifugal press. This is because centrifugal pressing can result in overheating and oxidization of the juice, which can result in nutrient loss. Cold-pressed juices are becoming more prominent among consumers who are health-conscious and demanding healthier juice drinks. The analysts forecast the global cold pressed juices market to grow at a CAGR of 8.28% during the period 2017-2021.

    The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global cold pressed juices market for 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the report considers the sale of cold pressed juices to individual consumers. The market is divided into the following segments based on geography:  Americas, APAC and EMEA

    Publisher:  TechNavio       www.technavio.com   Publication date: May 2017

     

    Fruit Juices World Report

    This report is a comprehensive and far reaching report on Fruit Juices and it provides vital data to business, financial, commercial and government analysts. The Fruit Juices Global Report provides data on the net market for the Products and Services covered in each of 100 countries. The Products and Services covered (Fruit Juices) are classified by the 5-Digit United States Commerce Department Major Product Codes and each Product and Services is then further defined and analyzed by each 6 to 10-Digit United States Commerce Department Product Codes.

    The Fruit Juices World Report gives Market Consumption / Products / Services for 100 countries by 6 to 10-Digit NAICS Product Codes by Time series: 2009- 2016 and Forecasts 2017- 2024. Fruit juices covered include: orange, grapefruit, apple, tomato, pineapple, grape, miscellaneous other juices

    Publisher:  PureData      www.datagroup.org    Publication date: September 2017

     

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
  • 17 Jul
    ROUND-UP

    ROUND-UP

    Forecast on Brazil’s 2017/18 crop (USDA)

    The commercial area of the state of Sao Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should produce 364.5 million boxes, up 49% from the previous crop (245.3 million boxes). This projection is based on the Defence Fund for Citriculture’s (Fundecitrus) first citrus crop forecast, released on 10 May 2017.

    Total Brazilian FCOJ (65 brix equivalent) production for 2017/18 is forecast at 1.257 million tonnes, up 447 000 tonnes compared with 2016/17, due to higher expected fruit availability for crushing. The Sao Paulo industry is expected to process 320 million boxes for juice production (255 million boxes for FCOJ and 65 million boxes for NFC OJ). This would result in 1.172 million tonnes of juice (920 000 tonnes of FCOJ and 252 000 tonnes of NFC OJ). Other producing states should deliver 20 million boxes for processing.

    Total Brazilian FCOJ exports for 2017/18 are forecast at 1.143 million tonnes, up 248 000 tonnes from 2016/17 (895 000 tonnes), due to the expected higher volumes available. The Sao Paulo industry should contribute 840 000 tonnes of FCOJ. These figures include NFC OJ production converted to FCOJ (65 brix equivalent).

    The USDA forecasts ending stocks for 2017/18 at 100 000 tonnes (65 brix) up 74 000 tonnes from 2016/17. The USDA figures only include stocks in Brazil. CitrusBR forecasts stocks at 200 000-300 000 tonnes on 30 June 2018. CitrusBR global inventories include orange juice in storage tanks at processing plants and port terminals in Brazil and stocks abroad (vessels and port facilities worldwide).

    Brazil – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand  

    Tonnes 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18
    Delivered to processors 11506000 9058000 13872000
    Beginning stocks 329000 147000 24000
    Production 1006000 810000 1257000
    Exports 1153000 895000 1143000
    Domestic consumption 35000 38000 38000
    Ending stocks 147000 24000 100000

     Orange juice update – EU-28 (USDA)

    Orange juice production in 2016/17 is forecast at 101 941 tonnes (65 brix). Orange juice consumption is forecast to be stable at 826 941 tonnes.

    EU-28 is a net importer of orange juice, heavily dependent on third countries to reach the EU-28 orange juice demand. Brazil continues to be the main supplier of orange juice to the EU with around 90% of total imports. In 2015/16 the EU-28 imported 777 825 tonnes of orange juice.

    European Union – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand 

    Tonnes 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Delivered to processors 1251000 1286000 1315000
    Beginning stocks 15000 15000 15000
    Production 96980 99963 101941
    Exports 49870 52049 50000
    Domestic consumption 936771 825468 826941
    Ending stocks 15000 15000 15000

    Argentina – Lemon (USDA)

    Lemon production for 2016/17 is expected to decrease to 1.27 million tonnes from 1.35 million tonnes the year before, due to a late frost, high temperatures and excess rain.

    Fresh lemon production in 2015/16 was also negatively impacted by rains towards the end of summer, which delayed the harvest about a month.

    Fresh lemon for processing in 2016/17 is estimated at 980 000 tonnes against 1.003 million tonnes the year before.

    Following the practice carried out in the past few years, relatively high volumes of fruit are being devoted for processing as a result of the decision made by the industry to export only fresh lemons meeting higher quality standards, thus restricting the export supply and preventing a steep decrease of international prices. This market strategy is working very well and is expected to continue.

    South Africa – Orange juice (USDA)

    The USDA estimates that production of orange juice in South Africa will increase by 18% to 22 717 tonnes in 2016/17, from 19 317 tonnes in 2015/16.

    Domestic consumption is expected to increase by 3% to 6 200 tonnes in 2016/17. The relatively high food price inflation has resulted in restricted growth in the domestic consumption of fresh fruit juices, especially in 100% fruit juice, and a shift in demand to orange juice from concentrates.

    Exports of orange juice in 2016/17 are predicted to decrease by 39% to 21 160 tonnes from 34 742 tonnes the year before. This is attributed to the available production, lower opening stocks, lower year-to-date exports up to April 2017 and USDA estimates for the remainder of the season.

    Producers in South Africa prefer to export fresh oranges rather than to sell to processors as export prices are eight times higher than prices achieved from processors. Netherlands, Botswana, Mozambique, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe, are the biggest markets for South African orange juice exports.

    South Africa – Orange juice (65 brix) – Production, supply and demand 

    Tonnes 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
    Delivered to processors 403000 142000 167000
    Beginning stocks 25086 29003 8679
    Production 54821 19317 22717
    Exports 4548 34742 21160
    Domestic consumption 6800 6000 6200
    Ending stocks 29003 8679 12636

    New Zealand – Apple and pears (USDA)

    Processing volumes of apples in New Zealand for 2016/17 are forecast at 123 000 tonnes, a 12.8% reduction over 2015/16. This is a 14% revision down from the USDA’s initial forecast due to a higher percentage of the crop expected to make export grade.

    Apple processing volumes are estimated at 141 087 MT for 2015/16, 12.4% below 2014/15.

    The volume of pears going to the processing sector is estimated at 2 000 tonnes for 2016/17 – 200 tonnes higher than in 2015/16.

    By Caroline Whibley Trade Data
1 2